S-1/A
Table of Contents
S-1/AtrueLuminar Technologies, Inc./DE00017580571494000Amendment No1P10DP10DP10DP10DVolatility, or the standard deviation of annualized returns, was calculated based on comparable companies’ report volatilities. Risk free rate was obtained from US treasury notes for the expected terms noted as of the valuation date. The Company has assumed a dividend yield of zero as they have no plans to declare dividends in the foreseeable future. The expected term is the length of time the grant is expected to be outstanding before it is exercised or terminated. This number is calculated as the midpoint between the vesting term and the original contractual term (contractual period to exercise). If the option contains graded vesting, then the vesting term would be based on the vesting pattern. The Company has assumed a dividend yield of zero as it has no plans to declare dividends in the foreseeable future. 0001758057 2020-09-30 0001758057 2019-12-31 0001758057 2018-12-31 0001758057 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 2018-05-02 0001758057 2020-08-14 0001758057 2019-09-30 0001758057 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001758057 2015-08-30 0001758057 2018-03-29 2018-10-16 0001758057 2017-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXPreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXPreferredStockMember lazr:LuminarMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemablePreferredStockMember us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXPreferredStockMember us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:FoundersPreferredStockMember us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyTwentyWarrantMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:NoIpoMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:WithIpoMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:NoIpoMember us-gaap:WarrantMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 srt:AsiaPacificMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:EuropeEastAndAsiaMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember country:US 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember country:SE 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember lazr:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ClassXRedeemablePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:EquipmentAndLoanAgreementMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateFourMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASixRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateTwoMember lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesANineRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAElevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateThreeMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAOneRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATwoRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAThreeRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFourRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFiveRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAEightRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateOneMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenNotesMember lazr:SeniorSecuredNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeniorSecuredNotesMember lazr:TwentySeventeenNoteMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:NewNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenNoteMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeniorSecuredNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:EquityInvestmentOption1Member 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:EquityInvestmentOption2Member 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:EquityInvestmentOption3Member 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAConvertiblePreferredSharesMember lazr:NewNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:AmendedBridgeNoteMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:CommonClassFMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:ClassAMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:WarrantMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:AdministrativeServiceAgreementMember srt:AffiliatedEntityMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:AdministrativeServiceAgreementMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:FoundersPreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:CommonClassFMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXPreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:LuminarMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:LuminarMember us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:CommonClassAAndClassBMember lazr:LuminarMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXPreferredStockMember lazr:LuminarMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:LuminarMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommercialPaperMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommercialPaperMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:USTreasuryBillSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:USTreasuryBillSecuritiesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AgencySecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AgencySecuritiesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AssetBackedSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AssetBackedSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AssetBackedSecuritiesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:ForeignCorporateDebtSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:ForeignCorporateDebtSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:ForeignCorporateDebtSecuritiesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyTwentyWarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyTwentyWarrantMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:WithIpoMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:NoIpoMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyTwentyWarrantMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AccountsPayableMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AccruedLiabilitiesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 srt:MinimumMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 srt:MaximumMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateOneMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAEightRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASixRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFiveRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFourRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAThreeRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATwoRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAOneRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateThreeMember lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAElevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesANineRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateFourMember lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateTwoMember lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAThreeRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFourRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFiveRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASixRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAEightRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesANineRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAElevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAOneRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATwoRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeniorSecuredNotesMember lazr:TwentySeventeenNoteMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeniorSecuredNotesMember lazr:TwentyEighteenNotesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenNoteMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenNotesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:EquipmentAndLoanAgreementMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:VolvoStockPurchaseWarrantMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:NewNotesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAOneRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATwoRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAThreeRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFourRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFiveRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASixRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAEightRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesANineRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAElevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:NotesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:VehicleLoanMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:AdditionalEquipmentLoanMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 2021-09-30 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:FounderSharesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:FounderSharesMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:ClassAMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ClassAMember us-gaap:WarrantMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 srt:MinimumMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SponsorOfficersAndDirectorsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:FoundersPreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:CommonClassFMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:CommercialPaperMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommercialPaperMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:USTreasuryBillSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:USTreasuryBillSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyTwentyWarrantMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 srt:MinimumMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 srt:MaximumMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateOneMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateTwoMember lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAOneRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATwoRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAThreeRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFourRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFiveRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASixRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAEightRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesANineRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAElevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateThreeMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateFourMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateFiveMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAOneRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATwoRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAThreeRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFourRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFiveRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASixRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAEightRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesANineRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAElevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenNoteMember lazr:SeniorSecuredNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenNoteMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:EquipmentAndLoanAgreementMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:EquipmentAndLoanAgreementMember lazr:NotesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAOneRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATwoRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAThreeRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFourRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFiveRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASixRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAEightRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesANineRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAElevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:NotesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:VehicleLoanMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AdditionalEquipmentLoanMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:ComputerHardwareAndSoftwareMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:DemonstrationUnitsAndFleetMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:VehiclesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AssetsHeldUnderCapitalLeasesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ChangeDuringPeriodFairValueDisclosureMember lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:IndefinitelyMember us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:YearOfExpiryFromTwoThousandThirtyFiveToTwoThousandThirtySixMember us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:YearOfExpiryFromTwoThousandThirtyFiveMember us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:YearOfExpiryTwoThousandAndTwentySevenMember us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:DisputeSettlementMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:CashMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:USTreasuryBillSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:FounderSharesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:FounderSharesMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:ClassAMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:ClassAMember us-gaap:WarrantMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:PrivatePlacementWarrantsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SponsorLoanMember us-gaap:IPOMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:CommonClassFMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:ConversionOfSimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityIntoTemporaryEquityMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemablePreferredStockMember us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXPreferredStockMember us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:FoundersPreferredStockMember us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 srt:AsiaPacificMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:EuropeEastAndAsiaMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember country:US 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember lazr:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember lazr:CustomerTwoMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember lazr:CustomerThreeMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:VehicleLoanMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:AdditionalEquipmentLoanMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:CommonClassFMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:ConversionOfSimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityIntoTemporaryEquityMember lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:SeriesARedeemablePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:FoundersPreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:WarrantMember lazr:NoIpoMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 srt:AsiaPacificMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:EuropeEastAndAsiaMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:ExternalCustomersMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:ExternalCustomersMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:ExternalCustomersMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember lazr:ExternalCustomersMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:InternalCustomersMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:InternalCustomersMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember lazr:InternalCustomersMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember lazr:InternalCustomersMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember lazr:CustomerOneMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember country:US 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:ClassXRedeemablePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:EquipmentAndLoanAgreementMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateFiveMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateThreeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateFourMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAThreeRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFourRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAFiveRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASixRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesASevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAEightRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAElevenRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateTwoMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:BeneficialConversionCommitmentDateOneMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesAOneRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesATwoRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesANineRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenNotesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenNoteMember lazr:SeniorSecuredNotesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenNoteMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember lazr:CustomerOneMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember lazr:CustomerTwoMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember lazr:CustomerThreeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:AccountsPayableMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SupplierMember us-gaap:AccountsPayableMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:ComputerHardwareAndSoftwareMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:DemonstrationUnitsAndFleetMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:DemonstrationUnitsAndFleetMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:VehiclesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:ChangeOfControlMember lazr:AmendedBridgeNoteMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AmendedBridgeNoteMember lazr:CarryingValueOfDebtOnTheConversionIntoTemporaryEquityMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember lazr:TaxBenefitFromRestrictedStockIssueMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:TaxYear2015Member 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:NewNotesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:NewNotesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:EquityInvestmentOption1Member 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:EquityInvestmentOption2Member 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:EquityInvestmentOption3Member 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:IPOMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:WarrantMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:IPOMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 srt:MaximumMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AdministrativeServiceAgreementMember srt:AffiliatedEntityMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AdministrativeServiceAgreementMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2020-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-06-24 0001758057 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-06-24 2019-06-24 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-06-24 2019-06-24 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2020-04-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2020-04-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyTwentyWarrantMember lazr:SeriesAConvertiblePreferredSharesMember 2020-04-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ClassXRedeemablePreferredStockMember 2020-08-24 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-08-24 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:ClassXRedeemablePreferredStockMember 2020-08-24 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-08-24 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-08-24 0001758057 lazr:AdditionalAuthorizationMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-08-24 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenNoteMember 2020-03-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenNotesMember 2020-03-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenNoteMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-03-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenNotesMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-03-31 0001758057 us-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMember 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 0001758057 us-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 0001758057 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 0001758057 us-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMember 2020-04-08 2020-04-08 0001758057 us-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-04-08 2020-04-08 0001758057 us-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMember 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 0001758057 us-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodOneMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 0001758057 lazr:NewNotesMember 2020-06-06 2020-06-06 0001758057 lazr:NewNotesMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-06-06 2020-06-06 0001758057 lazr:AmendedBridgeNoteMember 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember lazr:OtherIndividualsMember 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember lazr:OtherIndividualsMember 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 0001758057 lazr:ThreePromissoryNoteMember lazr:EquipmentAndLoanAgreementMember 2017-07-31 2017-12-15 0001758057 srt:MinimumMember lazr:EquipmentAndLoanAgreementMember 2017-07-31 0001758057 srt:MaximumMember lazr:EquipmentAndLoanAgreementMember 2017-07-31 0001758057 lazr:EquipmentAndLoanAgreementMember 2017-07-31 0001758057 lazr:VolvoStockPurchaseWarrantMember lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2020-03-20 0001758057 lazr:VolvoStockPurchaseWarrantMember 2020-03-20 0001758057 lazr:VolvoCarTechnologyFundMember lazr:VolvoStockPurchaseWarrantMember lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-03-20 0001758057 lazr:VolvoCarTechnologyFundMember lazr:VolvoStockPurchaseWarrantMember lazr:FutureReductionInRevenueMember lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-03-20 0001758057 lazr:PaycheckProtectionProgramNoteMember lazr:SiliconValleyBankMember 2020-04-22 0001758057 lazr:PaycheckProtectionProgramNoteMember 2020-04-22 0001758057 lazr:PaycheckProtectionProgramNoteMember 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 0001758057 lazr:AmendedBridgeNoteMember 2015-08-30 0001758057 lazr:VehicleLoanMember 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 0001758057 lazr:VehicleLoanMember 2017-10-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:FoundersPreferredStockMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:CommonClassFMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AdditionalEquipmentLoanMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenNotesMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:EquipmentAndLoanAgreementMember lazr:NotesMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenNoteMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:EquipmentAndLoanAgreementMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:NotesMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:VehicleLoanMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:ComputerHardwareAndSoftwareMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:DemonstrationUnitsAndFleetMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:VehiclesMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AssetsHeldUnderCapitalLeasesMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ChangeDuringPeriodFairValueDisclosureMember lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:OtherIndividualsMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:YearOfExpiryTwoThousandAndTwentySevenMember us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AdditionalEquipmentLoanMember 2018-12-31 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:ClassXRedeemablePreferredStockMember 2020-08-24 2020-08-24 0001758057 srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember lazr:FoundersConvertiblePreferredAndLuminarClassACommonStockMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-08-24 2020-08-24 0001758057 srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2020-08-24 2020-08-24 0001758057 lazr:SeriesXRedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-08-24 2020-08-24 0001758057 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:SeriesARedeemablePreferredStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember lazr:FoundersPreferredStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 srt:AsiaPacificMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:EuropeEastAndAsiaMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember lazr:ExternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember lazr:ExternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember lazr:ExternalCustomersMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:ExternalCustomersMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember lazr:InternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember lazr:InternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember lazr:InternalCustomersMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:InternalCustomersMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:AutonomySolutionsMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:OtherComponentSalesMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember lazr:CustomerOneMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember lazr:CustomerTwoMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember lazr:CustomerThreeMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember country:US us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember lazr:CustomerFourMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember lazr:CustomerFiveMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyFifteenStockPlanMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember lazr:CustomerOneMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember lazr:CustomerTwoMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember lazr:CustomerThreeMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:CommonClassFMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:CommonClassFMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:CommonClassFMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:FounderSharesMember us-gaap:PrincipalOwnerMember lazr:CommonClassFMember 2018-10-18 2018-10-18 0001758057 lazr:FounderSharesMember us-gaap:PrincipalOwnerMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-10-18 2018-10-18 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:FounderSharesMember srt:DirectorMember 2018-10-18 2018-10-18 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:FounderSharesMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2018-10-18 2018-10-18 0001758057 lazr:PrivatePlacementWarrantsMember us-gaap:PrincipalOwnerMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-10-18 2018-10-18 0001758057 lazr:SponsorLoanMember us-gaap:IPOMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-10-18 2018-10-18 0001758057 lazr:CommonClassFMember lazr:FounderSharesMember us-gaap:PrincipalOwnerMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-10-18 0001758057 lazr:FounderSharesMember us-gaap:PrincipalOwnerMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-10-18 0001758057 lazr:PrivatePlacementWarrantsMember us-gaap:PrincipalOwnerMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-10-18 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:FounderSharesMember us-gaap:PrincipalOwnerMember 2019-03-16 2019-03-18 0001758057 lazr:FounderSharesMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-03-16 2019-03-18 0001758057 us-gaap:IPOMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-02-05 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:PrivatePlacementWarrantsMember us-gaap:PrincipalOwnerMember 2019-02-05 0001758057 lazr:PrivatePlacementWarrantsMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-02-05 0001758057 us-gaap:OverAllotmentOptionMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-02-05 2019-02-05 0001758057 us-gaap:IPOMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-02-05 2019-02-05 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember us-gaap:IPOMember 2019-02-05 2019-02-05 0001758057 lazr:ClassAMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-02-05 2019-02-05 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-02-05 2019-02-05 0001758057 us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-02-05 2019-02-05 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:PrivatePlacementWarrantsMember us-gaap:PrincipalOwnerMember 2019-02-05 2019-02-05 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:SponsorLoanMember us-gaap:IPOMember 2019-01-24 2019-01-25 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-08-28 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:CommonClassFMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-08-28 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-08-28 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-08-28 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:FounderSharesMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2018-08-28 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2017-12-21 2017-12-22 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-08-20 0001758057 lazr:LuminarMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2020-08-23 0001758057 lazr:LuminarMember us-gaap:CommonClassBMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-08-23 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember lazr:LuminarMember 2020-08-23 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-08-23 0001758057 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2018-11-19 0001758057 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember lazr:WallStreetJournalMember 2018-11-19 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-07-01 2019-07-31 0001758057 lazr:PaycheckProtectionProgramNoteMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-08-22 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentyTwentyWarrantMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:TwentyEighteenWarrantMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:CommonClassFMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:FoundersPreferredStockMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-09-30 0001758057 lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SeriesARedeemableConvertiblePreferredStockMember 2017-12-31 0001758057 lazr:FoundersPreferredStockMember 2017-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2017-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2017-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2017-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember 2017-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2017-12-31 0001758057 lazr:SimpleAgreementsForFutureEquityMember 2017-12-31 0001758057 lazr:TwentySeventeenWarrantMember 2017-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2017-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember 2017-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementNonemployeeMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-12-31 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-06-30 0001758057 lazr:CommonClassFMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-06-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-06-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-06-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2020-06-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-06-30 0001758057 lazr:CommonClassFMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-06-30 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-06-30 0001758057 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-06-30 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2019-06-30 0001758057 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-08-27 0001758057 lazr:CommonClassFMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-08-27 0001758057 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-08-27 0001758057 us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-08-27 0001758057 lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-08-27 0001758057 us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember lazr:GoresMetropoulosIncMember 2018-12-31 iso4217:USD xbrli:shares xbrli:pure utr:Year utr:Month utr:Day iso4217:USD xbrli:shares lazr:Vote lazr:subsidiary
Table of Contents
As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on
January 13, 2021.
Registration
No. 333-251657
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
AMENDMENT NO. 1
TO
FORM
S-1
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
 
 
LUMINAR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
 
 
Delaware
 
3714
 
83-1804317
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
2603 Discovery Drive, Suite 100
Orlando, Florida 32826
(Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code, of Registrant’s Principal Executive Offices)
 
 
Austin Russell
President and Chief Executive Officer
2603 Discovery Drive, Suite 100
Orlando, Florida 32826
Telephone: (407)
900-5259
(Name, Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code, of Agent for Service)
 
 
Copies to:
 
Daniel S. Kim, Esq.
Mitchell Zuklie, Esq.
Hari Raman, Esq.
Albert Vanderlaan, Esq.
Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP
631 Wilshire Boulevard
Santa Monica, California 90401
Tel:
(301) 633-2800
 
Thomas J. Fennimore,
Chief Financial Officer
2603 Discovery Drive, Suite 100
Orlando, Florida 32826
Telephone: (407)
900-5259
Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public:
From time to time after the effective date of this registration statement.
If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box.  ☐
If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ☐
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ☐

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a
non-accelerated
filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in
Rule 12b-2
of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
       
Non-accelerated filer
 
   Smaller reporting company  
       
         Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.  
 
 
CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE
 
 
Title of Each Class of
Securities to be Registered
 
Amount to be
Registered(1)
 
Proposed
Maximum
Offering Price
Per Share
 
Proposed Maximum
Aggregate Offering
Price
 
Amount of
Registration Fee
(6)
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share
 
194,581,139
(2)
 
$26.64
(3)
 
$5,183,641,542.96
 
$565,535.30
Warrants to purchase Class A Common Stock
 
6,666,666
(4)
 
(5)
 
(5)
 
(5)
Total
 
 
 
 
 
$5,183,641,542.96
 
$565,535.30
 
 
 
(1)
Pursuant to Rule 416(a) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), there are also being registered an indeterminable number of additional shares of Class A Common Stock as may be issued to prevent dilution resulting from stock splits, stock dividends or similar transactions.
(2)
Consists of (i) 181,247,830 shares of Class A Common Stock registered for sale by the selling securityholders named in this registration statement (including the shares referred to in the following clause (ii)), (ii) 6,666,666 shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon exercise of 6,666,666 Private Warrants (as defined below), and (iii) 13,333,309 shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of 13,333,309 Public Warrants (as defined below).
(3)
Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee pursuant to Rule 457(c) under the Securities Act, based upon the average of the high and low prices of the Class A common stock on December 18, 2020, as reported on The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC.
(4)
Represents the resale of 6,666,666 Private Warrants.
(5)
In accordance with Rule 457(i), the entire registration fee for the Private Warrants is allocated to the shares of Class A Common Stock underlying the Private Warrants, and no separate fee is payable for the Private Warrants.
(6)
The registrant previously paid a registration fee of $565,535.30 in connection with the initial filing of this registration statement. 
The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.
 
 
 
The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. The securities may not be sold until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.
 
Subject to Completion. Dated
January 13, 2021. 
PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS
Luminar Technologies, Inc.
Up to 181,247,830 Shares of Class A Common Stock
Up to 19,999,975 Shares of Class A Common Stock Issuable Upon Exercise of Warrants and Up to 6,666,666 Warrants
 
 
This prospectus relates to the offer and sale from time to time by the selling securityholders named in this prospectus (the “Selling Securityholders”) of up to (A) 181,247,830 shares of our Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (“Class A Stock”), which consists of (i) 10,000,000 shares of Class A Stock (the “Founder Shares”) originally issued in a private placement to Gores Metropoulos Sponsor LLC (the “Sponsor”) in connection with the initial public offering (the “IPO”) of Gores Metropoulos, Inc. (“Gores”), and subsequently distributed to certain equityholders of the Sponsor, (ii) 42,064,871 shares of Class A Stock issued pursuant to the Merger Agreement (as defined below), (iii) 6,666,666 shares of Class A Stock issuable upon the exercise of 6,666,666 warrants (the “Private Warrants”) originally issued in a private placement to the Sponsor in connection with the IPO at an exercise price of $11.50 per share of Class A Stock and subsequently distributed to certain equityholders of the Sponsor, (iv) 105,118,203 Executive Shares (as defined below), (v) up to 3,944,151 Earn-Out Shares (as defined below) that may be issued in the form of Class A Stock pursuant to the earn-out provisions in the Merger Agreement, (vi) up 10,455,134 shares of Class A Stock that may be issued or issuable upon the conversion of any Earn-Out Shares that may be issued in the form of our Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (“Class B Stock”) pursuant to the earn-out provisions in the Merger Agreement, and (vii) up to 2,998,805 shares of Class A Stock issuable upon the exercise of outstanding Rollover Options (as defined below) to purchase shares of Class A Stock, and (B) up to 6,666,666 Private Warrants.
In addition, this prospectus relates to the offer and sale of up to 13,333,309 shares of Class A Stock that are issuable by us upon the exercise of 13,333,309 warrants originally issued in connection with the IPO at an exercise price of $11.50 per share of Class A Stock (the “Public Warrants” and, together with the Private Warrants, the “Warrants”).
The Selling Securityholders may offer, sell or distribute all or a portion of the securities hereby registered publicly or through private transactions at prevailing market prices or at negotiated prices. We will not receive any of the proceeds from such sales of the shares of Class A Stock or Warrants, except with respect to amounts received by us upon the exercise of the Warrants. We will bear all costs, expenses and fees in connection with the registration of these securities, including with regard to compliance with state securities or “blue sky” laws. The Selling Securityholders will bear all commissions and discounts, if any, attributable to their sale of shares of Class A Stock or Warrants. See “Plan of Distribution” beginning on page 153 of this prospectus.
Our registration of the securities covered by this prospectus does not mean that either we or the Selling Securityholders, will issue, offer or sell, any of the securities. All of the Founder Shares (as defined above) and nearly all of the shares issued to the stockholders of Legacy Luminar (as defined below), including shares issued in respect of the Series X Preferred Stock, are subject to lock-up agreements prohibiting the sale of such shares for a period of 180 days after the Closing (as defined below). For more details, please see page 128 of this prospectus under the caption “
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions—Lock-Up Agreements
.
Our Class A Stock and Public Warrants are listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbols “LAZR” and “LAZRW,” respectively. On January 11, 2021, the last reported sales price of our Class A Stock was $31.46 per share and the last reported sales price of our Public Warrants was $17.97 per warrant. 
We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and, as such, have elected to comply with certain reduced disclosure and regulatory requirements.
 
 
Investing in our securities involves risks. See the section entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 6 of this prospectus to read about factors you should consider before buying our securities.
 
 
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
The date of this prospectus is                , 2020.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Prospectus
 
 
  
Page
 
  
 
ii
 
  
 
vi
 
  
 
1
 
  
 
6
 
  
 
43
 
  
 
44
 
  
 
45
 
  
 
46
 
  
 
47
 
  
 
48
 
  
 
59
 
  
 
60
 
  
 
74
 
  
 
104
 
  
 
112
 
  
 
128
 
  
 
134
 
  
 
136
 
  
 
140
 
  
 
154
 
  
 
157
 
  
 
163
 
  
 
163
 
  
 
163
 
  
 
164
 
  
 
F-1
 
You should rely only on the information provided in this prospectus, as well as the information incorporated by reference into this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement. Neither we nor the Selling Securityholders have authorized anyone to provide you with different information. Neither we nor the Selling Securityholders are making an offer of these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer is not permitted. You should not assume that the information in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement or any documents incorporated by reference is accurate as of any date other than the date of the applicable document. Since the date of this prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed.
 
i
ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
This prospectus is part of a registration statement on
Form S-1
that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) using the “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, the Selling Securityholders may, from time to time, sell the securities offered by them described in this prospectus. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale by such Selling Securityholders of the securities offered by them described in this prospectus. This prospectus also relates to the issuance by us of the shares of Class A Stock issuable upon the exercise of any Warrants. We will receive proceeds from any exercise of the Warrants for cash.
Neither we nor the Selling Securityholders have authorized anyone to provide you with any information or to make any representations other than those contained in this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement or any free writing prospectuses prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. Neither we nor the Selling Securityholders take responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. Neither we nor the Selling Securityholders will make an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.
We may also provide a prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment to the registration statement to add information to, or update or change information contained in, this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement or post-effective amendment to the registration statement together with the additional information to which we refer you in the sections of this prospectus entitled “
Where You Can Find More Information
.”
On December 2, 2020 (the “Closing Date”), Gores Metropoulos, Inc., our predecessor company (“Gores”), consummated the previously announced mergers contemplated by the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of August 24, 2020 (the “Merger Agreement”), by and among Gores, Dawn Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a direct, wholly-owned subsidiary of Gores (“First Merger Sub”), Dawn Merger Sub II, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and a direct, wholly-owned subsidiary of Gores (“Second Merger Sub”), and Luminar Technologies, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Legacy Luminar”). Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, First Merger Sub merged with and into Legacy Luminar (the “First Merger”), with Legacy Luminar being the surviving corporation of the First Merger, immediately followed by the surviving corporation merging with and into Second Merger Sub (the “Second Merger” and, collectively with the First Merger and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, the “Business Combination”), with Second Merger Sub continuing as the surviving entity as a wholly owned subsidiary of Gores, under the name Luminar Holdco, LLC. On the Closing Date, and in connection with the closing of the Business Combination (the “Closing”), we changed our name from Gores Metropoulos, Inc. to Luminar Technologies, Inc.
Unless the context indicates otherwise, references in this prospectus to the “Company,” “Luminar,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms refer to Luminar Technologies, Inc. (f/k/a Gores Metropoulos, Inc.) and its consolidated subsidiaries. References to “Gores” refer to our predecessor company prior to the consummation of the Business Combination.
 
ii
CERTAIN DEFINED TERMS
Unless the context indicates otherwise, the following terms have the following meanings when used in this prospectus:
 
Assumed Warrants
” means the resulting warrants from the automatic conversion at the effective time of the First Merger of each Luminar Warrant outstanding and unexercised at the effective time of the First Merger into a warrant to acquire an adjusted number of shares of Class A Stock at an adjusted exercise price per share, subject to the terms and conditions as were applicable to such Luminar Warrant immediately prior to the effective time of the First Merger, including applicable vesting conditions.
Board
” or “
Board of Directors
” means our board of directors.
 
Earn-Out
Shares
” means additional shares of Class A or Class B Stock, as applicable, that may be issued as additional consideration in the Business Combination to the stockholders of Legacy Luminar as of the Closing, in an aggregate amount of up to 7.5% of the sum of (x) the total outstanding capital stock of the Company and (y) the total shares subject to outstanding Rollover Options and Assumed Warrants, in each case, as of the Closing.
Executive Shares
” means 105,118,203 shares of Class A Stock underlying 105,118,203 shares of Class B Stock held by Austin Russell.
Legacy Luminar Class A Stock
” means the shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, of Legacy Luminar.
Legacy Luminar Class B Stock
” means the shares of Class B common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, of Legacy Luminar.
Legacy Luminar Stock Options
” means the options to purchase Legacy Luminar Class A common stock granted pursuant to the Legacy Luminar Stock Plan.
Legacy Luminar Stock Plan
” means Legacy Luminar’s Amended and Restated 2015 Stock Plan.
Per Share Company Stock Consideration
” means approximately 13.6309 (as calculated pursuant to the Merger Agreement).
Rollover Options
” means the options to acquire Class A Stock resulting from the automatic conversion at the effective time of the First Merger of each Legacy Luminar Stock Option that is outstanding and unexercised as of immediately prior to the effective time of the First Merger into an option to acquire an adjusted number of shares of Class A Stock at an adjusted exercise price per share, subject to the terms and conditions as were applicable to the corresponding Legacy Luminar Stock Option immediately prior to the effective time of the First Merger, including applicable vesting conditions, except to the extent such terms or conditions are rendered inoperative by the Business Combination.
Selling Securityholders
” means the persons listed in the table in the “Selling Securityholders” section of this prospectus, and the pledgees, donees, transferees, assignees, successors and others who later come to hold any of the Selling Securityholders’ interest in Class A Stock or Private Warrants in accordance with the terms of the Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement other than through a public sale.
Sponsor
” means Gores Metropoulos Sponsor, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company.
Trust Account
” means the trust account of the Company that holds the proceeds from the IPO.
Warrant Agreement
” means that certain Warrant Agreement, by and between Luminar Technologies, Inc. (f/k/a Gores Metropoulos, Inc.) and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as warrant agent, dated as of January 31, 2019.
 
iii

Table of Contents
GLOSSARY OF CERTAIN TECHNICAL TERMS
The following is a glossary of technical terms used in this prospectus:
ADAS—
Advanced driver-assistance systems.
Autonomous driving
—There are five levels of autonomous driving systems (in addition to no automation):
 
   
Level 1 (Driver Assistance): Vehicle is controlled by the driver, but some driving assistance features may be included.
 
   
Level 2 (Partial Automation): Vehicle has combined automated functions like acceleration and steering, but the driver must remain fully engaged and monitor the driving environment at all times.
 
   
Level 3 (Conditional Automation): Driver is necessary, but is not required to monitor the environment. The driver must be ready to take control of the vehicle at all times with notice.
 
   
Level 4 (High Automation): The vehicle is capable of performing all driving functions under certain conditions. The driver may have the option to control the vehicle.
 
   
Level 5 (Full Automation): The vehicle is capable of performing all driving functions under all conditions. The driver may have the option to control the vehicle.
Emitter or Transmitter
—A laser emits pulses of light through optics which transmit those pulses into the field for range measurements.
Field of view
—The angular size of the scene captured by a sensor, including lidar. Abbreviated as FoV or FOV and measured in vertical and horizontal angular extent, but often simplified to horizontal angular extent for driving applications.
Interference
—The false detection of information in a sensor due to external signal sources. For camera and lidar, these are external signal sources of light, for example sunlight, headlights, and other lidar sensors.
Lidar
—LiDAR or lidar is an acronym for “Light Detection And Ranging.” It is a remote sensing method that uses light to measure the distance, or range of objects from the lidar sensor. Lidar for automotive can be
one-dimensional
(single point),
two-dimensional
(horizontal cross-section) or three-dimensional (full three-dimensional maps of the scene including the full shape of objects and their surface characteristics). Luminar’s lidar is 3D and uses 1550nm wavelength (“color”) light to measure the time it takes for pulses to reach objects and bounce back in order to determine each pixel’s range. A scanner moves this range-finder throughout the scene to assemble a 3D scene called a point-cloud.
Point-cloud—
The lidar equivalent to a camera’s image. Point-clouds are, in the case of 3D lidar, three dimensional pixelated maps that can be viewed like a camera image from the sensor’s perspective or from any other perspective because depth information is built into each pixel. Point-clouds can have other pixel attributes, like cameras have multiple color channels, for example target reflectance which allows for a grey-scale, 3D pixel map.
Processor
—Interpret digital signals from the receiver, transmitter, and scanner to create point-clouds and ultimately interpret what and where the detected objects are in the scene. Commonly used terms for processing hardware components are the System on Chip (SoC) and the Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC).
Passenger vehicle
—Any vehicle occupied by a human, most commonly consumer-owned vehicles like cars, trucks, vans, and SUVs.
 
iv

Table of Contents
Range performance
—The quantified ability of a sensor to detect the distance of targets. For lidar, the distance to an object and the reflectivity of that object are critical to assessing the sensors performance as they both directly impact how much light energy is not capturable by the sensor for detection.
Receiver
—Turns light energy into electrical signals interpretable by processors.
Robo-taxi
—A passenger vehicle which operates commercially as a taxi or ride-hailing service vehicle, and that requires no driver to operate in its defined set of locations.
Scanner
—Moves the range-finding system’s light-beams throughout the scene in order to create a 3D point-cloud.
Semantic segmentation
—A machine learning application that attributes each point in the point cloud with a class label (e.g., pedestrian, vehicle, road) and is the first step in processing the data in perception.
State estimation
—The understanding of the “self” vehicle, often referred to as “ego” in reference to the psychological self. It is the location, position, orientation, and speed of the
ego-vehicle.
Trucking and commercial vehicle
—Vehicles, like tractor-trailers (trucks) and delivery vans, intended for commercial use, not consumer.
 
v

Table of Contents
CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), that are forward-looking and as such are not historical facts. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding future financial performance, business strategies, expansion plans, future results of operations, estimated revenues, sales estimates/Order Book numbers, losses, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management. These forward-looking statements are based on our management’s current expectations, estimates, projections and beliefs, as well as a number of assumptions concerning future events, and are not guarantees of performance. Such statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. When used in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement, words such as “outlook,” “believes,” “expects,” “potential,” “continues,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “seeks,” “approximately,” “predicts,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates” or the negative version of these words or other comparable words or phrases, may identify forward-looking statements, but the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. The following factors among others, could cause actual results and future events to differ materially from those set forth or contemplated in the forward-looking statements:
 
   
general economic uncertainty and the effect of general economic conditions on the Company’s industry in particular, including the level of demand and financial performance of the autonomous vehicle industry and market adoption of lidar;
 
   
the Company’s history of losses and whether it will continue to incur significant expenses and continuing losses for the foreseeable future; the effect of continued pricing pressures, automotive original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) cost reduction initiatives and the ability of automotive OEMs to
re-source
or cancel vehicle or technology programs which may result in lower than anticipated margins, or losses, which may adversely affect the Company’s business;
 
   
the ability of the Company to protect and enforce its intellectual property rights;
 
   
whether the Company’s lidar products are selected for inclusion in autonomous driving or ADAS systems by automotive OEMs or their suppliers;
 
   
the Company’s inability to reduce and control the cost of the inputs on which Luminar relies, which could negatively impact the adoption of its products and its profitability;
 
   
changes in personnel and availability of qualified personnel;
 
   
the effects of the ongoing coronavirus
(COVID-19)
pandemic or other infectious diseases, health epidemics, pandemics and natural disasters on Luminar’s business;
 
   
the Company’s ability to remediate the material weakness in its internal controls over financial reporting;
 
   
the Company’s ability to transition to an outsourced manufacturing business model;
 
   
the Company’s anticipated investments in and results from sales and marketing and research and development (“R&D”);
 
   
the success of the Company’s customers in developing and commercializing products using the Company’s solutions;
 
   
the Company’s estimated total addressable market;
 
   
the amount and timing of future sales;
 
   
whether the complexity of the Company’s products results in undetected defects and reliability issues which could reduce market adoption of its new products, damage its reputation and expose the Company to product liability and other claims;
 
   
strict government regulation that is subject to amendment, repeal or new interpretation and the Company’s ability to comply with modified or new laws and regulations applying to its business;
 
vi

Table of Contents

   
the Company’s ability to recognize the anticipated benefits of the Business Combination, which may be affected by, among other things, competition, and the ability of the Company to manage its growth and expand its business operations effectively following the consummation of the Business Combination;
 
   
whether the concentration of the Company’s stock ownership and voting power limits the stockholders of the Company’s ability to influence corporate matters; and
 
   
the increasingly competitive environment in which the Company operates.
The forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus are based on our current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effects on our business. There can be no assurance that future developments affecting our business will be those that we have anticipated. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) or other assumptions that may cause actual results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those factors described in the section entitled “
Risk Factors
.” Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time and it is not possible for us to predict all such risk factors, nor can we assess the effect of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor or combination of factors may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of the assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary in material respects from those projected in these forward-looking statements.
The forward-looking statements made by us in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement speak only as of the date of this prospectus and the accompanying prospectus supplement. Except to the extent required under the federal securities laws and rules and regulations of the SEC, we disclaim any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. In light of these risks and uncertainties, there is no assurance that the events or results suggested by the forward-looking statements will in fact occur, and you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.
 
vii

Table of Contents
PROSPECTUS SUMMARY
The following summary highlights selected information contained elsewhere in this prospectus and does not contain all of the information that you should consider in making your investment decision. Before investing in our securities, you should carefully read this entire prospectus, including our consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in this prospectus and the information set forth under the headings “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
The Company
Founded in 2012 by Austin Russell, our President and Chief Executive Officer, we are a leading autonomous vehicle and lidar technology company for passenger vehicles and trucks. We design, build and sell one of the world’s highest performing long-range lidar products that address the requirements of global automotive OEMs and technology companies for autonomous driving. These products set the standard in high performance lidar solutions for autonomous vehicles by combining exceptional range, superior point density, and dynamic scanning capability to maximize time and distance of critical detections. Our full-stack hardware and software autonomy solution for cars and trucks as well as our standalone lidar technology offerings have made it one of the leading partners for the world’s top OEMs. We are currently partnered with seven of the
top-ten
global automakers and anticipate being one of the first lidar companies to introduce its highway self-driving and next-generation proactive safety systems. We have scaled to over 50 total partners in the last two years, including the first industry-wide framework vendor contract in the autonomous space awarded by Volvo Cars in May 2020, with production expected to commence in 2022, a strategic agreement with Daimler Truck AG in October 2020 and a sales agreement with Mobileye Vision Technologies Ltd (“Mobileye”) in November 2020. With approximately 350 employees, we have built a new type of lidar from the chip-level up with technological breakthroughs across all core components. As a result, we have created a lidar sensor that meets the stringent performance, safety and cost requirements for Level 0 through Level 5 autonomous vehicles, bypassing the traditional limitations of what is possible with legacy lidar technology. Integrating this advanced hardware with our custom developed software stack enables a
turn-key
autonomous solution to accelerate widespread adoption with automakers. Our technology also is expected to enable a new benchmark for vehicle safety which will surpass today’s advanced driving assistance systems (“ADAS”) with proactive safety features.
Corporate Information
We were incorporated in the State of Delaware in August 2018 as a special purpose acquisition company under the name Gores Metropoulos, Inc. On February 5, 2019, we completed our initial public offering. On December 2, 2020, we consummated the Business Combination with Legacy Luminar pursuant to the Merger Agreement. In connection with the Business Combination, we changed our name from Gores Metropoulos, Inc. to Luminar Technologies, Inc.
Our principal executive offices are located at 2603 Discovery Drive, Suite 100, Orlando, Florida 32826. Our telephone number is (407)
900-5259.
Our website address is www.luminartech.com. Information contained on our website or connected thereto does not constitute part of, and is not incorporated by reference into, this prospectus or the registration statement of which it forms a part.
Luminar, the Luminar logo and our other registered or common law trademarks, service marks or trade names appearing in this prospectus are the property of Luminar. Other trademarks, service marks and trade names used in this prospectus are the property of their respective owners.


 
1

Table of Contents
The Offering
 
Issuer
Luminar Technologies, Inc. (f/k/a Gores Metropoulos, Inc.).
Issuance of Class A Stock
 
Shares of Class A Stock offered by us
19,999,975 shares of Class A Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants, consisting of (i) 6,666,666 shares of Class A Stock that are issuable upon the exercise of 6,666,666 Private Warrants and (ii) 13,333,309 shares of Class A Stock that are issuable upon the exercise of 13,333,309 Public Warrants.
 
Shares of Class A Stock outstanding prior to exercise of all Warrants
323,936,240 shares of Class A Stock (as of December 15, 2020).
 
Shares of Class A Stock outstanding assuming cash exercise of all Warrants
343,936,215 shares of Class A Stock (as of December 15, 2020).
 
Exercise Price of Private Warrants and Public
Warrants
$11.50 per share, subject to adjustments as described herein.
 
Use of proceeds
We will receive up to an aggregate of approximately $230 million from the exercise of the Warrants, assuming the exercise in full of all of the Warrants for cash. We expect to use the net proceeds from the exercise of the Warrants for general corporate purposes. See “
Use of Proceeds
.”
Resale of Class A Stock and Warrants
 
Securities offered by the Selling Securityholders
181,247,830 shares of Class A Stock (including (i) 10,000,000 Founder Shares, (ii) 42,064,871 shares of Class A Stock issued pursuant to the Merger Agreement, (iii) 6,666,666 shares of Class A Stock issuable upon the exercise of the Private Warrants, (iv) 105,118,203 Executive Shares, (v) up to 3,944,151 Earn-Out Shares that may be issued in the form of Class A Stock pursuant to the earn-out provisions in the Merger Agreement, (vi) up 10,455,134 shares of Class A Stock that may be issued or issuable upon the conversion of any Earn-Out Shares that may be issued in the form of Class B Stock pursuant to the earn-out provisions in the Merger Agreement, and (vii) up to 2,989,805 shares of Class A Stock issuable upon the exercise of outstanding Rollover Options (as defined above) to purchase shares of Class A Stock).
 
Terms of the offering
The Selling Securityholders will determine when and how they will dispose of the shares of Class A Stock and Warrants registered under this prospectus for resale.
 
Use of proceeds
We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of Class A Stock or Private Warrants (assuming the cashless exercise provision is used) by the Selling Securityholders.


 
2

Table of Contents
Lock-Up
Restrictions
Certain of our stockholders are subject to certain restrictions on transfer until the termination of applicable
lock-up
periods. See “
Certain Relationships and Related
Transactions—Lock-Up
Agreements
” for further discussion.
 
Risk Factors
See “
Risk Factors
” and other information included in this prospectus for a discussion of factors you should consider before investing in our securities.
 
Nasdaq Stock Market Symbols
Our Class A Stock and Public Warrants are listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbols “LAZR” and “LAZRW,” respectively.


 
3

Table of Contents
Summary Risk Factors
Our business is subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including those highlighted in the section titled “
Risk Factors
,” that represent challenges that we face in connection with the successful implementation of our strategy and growth of our business. The occurrence of one or more of the events or circumstances described in the section titled “
Risk Factors
,” alone or in combination with other events or circumstances, may adversely affect our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of the Business Combination, and may have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects. Such risks include, but are not limited to:
 
   
We are an early stage company with a history of losses, and we expect to incur significant expenses and continuing losses for the foreseeable future.
 
   
Our limited operating history makes it difficult to evaluate our future prospects and the risks and challenges we may encounter.
 
   
We continue to implement strategic initiatives designed to grow our business. These initiatives may prove more costly than we currently anticipate and we may not succeed in increasing our revenue in an amount sufficient to offset the costs of these initiatives and to achieve and maintain profitability.
 
   
If our lidar products are not selected for inclusion in autonomous driving systems or ADAS by automotive OEMs or their suppliers, our business will be materially and adversely affected.
 
   
Our forward looking estimates of certain financial metrics, including our Order Book (as defined below), may prove inaccurate.
 
   
Information concerning our future cost of goods sold and bill of materials estimates may prove inaccurate.
 
   
We are reliant on key inputs and our inability to reduce and control the cost of such inputs could negatively impact the adoption of our products and our profitability.
 
   
Continued pricing pressures, automotive OEM cost reduction initiatives and the ability of automotive OEMs to
re-source
or cancel vehicle or technology programs may result in lower than anticipated margins, or losses, which may adversely affect our business.
 
   
We expect to incur substantial R&D costs and devote significant resources to identifying and commercializing new products, which could significantly reduce our profitability and may never result in revenue to us.
 
   
Although we believe that lidar is the industry standard for autonomous vehicles and other emerging markets, market adoption of lidar is uncertain. If market adoption of lidar does not continue to develop, or develops more slowly than we expect, our business will be adversely affected.
 
   
We may experience difficulties in managing our growth and expanding our operations.
 
   
We rely on third-party suppliers and because some of the raw materials and key components in our products come from limited or single source suppliers, we are susceptible to supply shortages, long lead times for components, and supply changes, any of which could disrupt our supply chain and could delay deliveries of our products to customers.
 
   
Because our sales have been primarily to customers making purchases for R&D projects and our orders are project-based, we expect our results of operations to fluctuate on a quarterly and annual basis, which could cause our stock price to fluctuate or decline.
 
   
Our transition to an outsourced manufacturing business model may not be successful, which could harm our ability to deliver products and recognize revenue.


 
4

Table of Contents
   
We, our outsourcing partners and our suppliers may rely on complex machinery for our production, which involves a significant degree of risk and uncertainty in terms of operational performance and costs.
 
   
Our sales and operations in international markets expose us to operational, financial and regulatory risks.
 
   
The complexity of our products could result in unforeseen delays or expenses from undetected defects, errors or reliability issues in hardware or software which could reduce the market adoption of our new products, damage our reputation with current or prospective customers, expose us to product liability and other claims and adversely affect our operating costs.
 
   
We may be subject to product liability or warranty claims that could result in significant direct or indirect costs, which could adversely affect our business and operating results.
 
   
If we do not maintain sufficient inventory or if we do not adequately manage our inventory, we could lose sales or incur higher inventory-related expenses, which could negatively affect our operating results.
 
   
The average selling prices of our products could decrease rapidly over the life of the product, which may negatively affect our revenue and gross margin.
 
   
Adverse conditions in the automotive industry or the global economy more generally could have adverse effects on our results of operations.
 
   
The discontinuation, lack of commercial success, or loss of business with respect to a particular vehicle model or technology package for which we are a significant supplier could reduce our sales and adversely affect our profitability.
 
   
Since many of the markets in which we compete are new and rapidly evolving, it is difficult to forecast long-term
end-customer
adoption rates and demand for our products.
 
   
We currently have and target many customers that are large corporations with substantial negotiating power, exacting product standards and potentially competitive internal solutions. If we are unable to sell our products to these customers, our prospects and results of operations will be adversely affected.
 
   
Our business could be materially and adversely affected if we lost any of our largest customers or if we were unable to pay our invoices.
 
   
We are substantially dependent on our partnership with Volvo, and our business could be materially and adversely affected if our partnership with Volvo were terminated.
 
   
We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018 and 2019. If we are unable to develop and maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results in a timely manner, which may adversely affect investor confidence in us.
 
   
Our business could be materially and adversely affected by the current global
COVID-19
pandemic or other health epidemics and outbreaks.
 
   
Our business may be adversely affected by changes in automotive and laser regulations or concerns that drive further regulation of the automobile and laser market.
 
   
The dual class structure of our common stock, par value $0.0001 per share has the effect of concentrating voting control with Austin Russell, our Founder, President and Chief Executive Officer. This will limit or preclude your ability to influence corporate matters, including the outcome of important transactions, including a change in control.


 
5

Table of Contents
RISK FACTORS
Investing in our securities involves risks. You should consider carefully the risks and uncertainties described below, together with all of the other information in this prospectus, including the section titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our consolidated financial statements and related notes, before deciding whether to purchase any of our securities. Our business, results of operations, financial condition, and prospects could also be harmed by risks and uncertainties that are not presently known to us or that we currently believe are not material. If any of these risks actually occur, our business, results of operations, financial condition, and prospects could be materially and adversely affected. Unless otherwise indicated, references in these risk factors to our business being harmed will include harm to our business, reputation, brand, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects. In such event, the market price of our securities could decline, and you could lose all or part of your investment.
Risks Related to Our Business and Industry
We are an early stage company with a history of losses, and we expect to incur significant expenses and continuing losses for the foreseeable future.
We have incurred net losses on an annual basis since our inception. We incurred a net loss of $72.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and net losses of $94.7 million and $79.6 million for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. We believe that we will continue to incur operating and net losses each quarter until at least the time we begin commercial deliveries of our lidar-based products, which are not expected to begin until 2022 and may occur later or not at all. Even if we are able to successfully develop and sell our lidar solutions, there can be no assurance that they will be commercially successful. Our potential profitability is dependent upon the successful development and successful commercial introduction and acceptance of our lidar solutions, which may not occur.
We expect the rate at which we will incur losses to be significantly higher in future periods as we:
 
   
continue to utilize our third-party partners for design, testing and commercialization;
 
   
expand our production capabilities to produce our lidar solutions, including costs associated with outsourcing the production of our lidar solutions;
 
   
expand our design, development, installation and servicing capabilities;
 
   
build up inventories of parts and components for our lidar solutions;
 
   
produce an inventory of our lidar solutions; and
 
   
increase our sales and marketing activities and develop our distribution infrastructure.
Because we will incur the costs and expenses from these efforts before we receive incremental revenues with respect thereto, our losses in future periods will be significant. In addition, we may find that these efforts are more expensive than we currently anticipate or that these efforts may not result in revenues, which would further increase our losses.
Our limited operating history makes it difficult to evaluate our future prospects and the risks and challenges we may encounter.
We have been focused on developing lidar products for autonomous driving systems since 2012. This relatively limited operating history makes it difficult to evaluate our future prospects and the risks and challenges we may encounter. Risks and challenges we have faced or expect to face include our ability to:
 
   
produce and deliver lidar and software products of acceptable performance;
 
   
forecast our revenue and budget for and manage our expenses;
 
6

Table of Contents
   
attract new customers and retain existing customers;
 
   
comply with existing and new or modified laws and regulations applicable to our business;
 
   
plan for and manage capital expenditures for our current and future products, and manage our supply chain and supplier relationships related to our current and future products;
 
   
anticipate and respond to macroeconomic changes and changes in the markets in which we operate;
 
   
maintain and enhance the value of our reputation and brand;
 
   
effectively manage our growth and business operations, including the impacts of the
COVID-19
pandemic on our business;
 
   
develop and protect intellectual property;
 
   
hire, integrate and retain talented people at all levels of its organization; and
 
   
successfully develop new solutions to enhance the experience of customers.
If we fail to address the risks and difficulties that we face, including those associated with the challenges listed above as well as those described elsewhere in this “
Risk Factors
” section, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected. Further, because we have limited historical financial data and operate in a rapidly evolving market, any predictions about our future revenue and expenses may not be as accurate as they would be if we had a longer operating history or operated in a more predictable market. We have encountered in the past, and will encounter in the future, risks and uncertainties frequently experienced by growing companies with limited operating histories in rapidly changing industries. If our assumptions regarding these risks and uncertainties, which we use to plan and operate our business, are incorrect or change, or if we do not address these risks successfully, our results of operations could differ materially from our expectations and our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
We continue to implement strategic initiatives designed to grow our business. These initiatives may prove more costly than we currently anticipate and we may not succeed in increasing our revenue in an amount sufficient to offset the costs of these initiatives and to achieve and maintain profitability.
We continue to make investments and implement initiatives designed to grow our business, including:
 
   
investing in R&D;
 
   
expanding our sales and marketing efforts to attract new customers;
 
   
investing in new applications and markets for our products;
 
   
further enhancing our manufacturing processes and partnerships;
 
   
pursuing litigation to protect our intellectual property; and
 
   
investing in legal, accounting, and other administrative functions necessary to support our operations as a public company.
These initiatives may prove more expensive than we currently anticipate, and we may not succeed in increasing our revenue, if at all, in an amount sufficient to offset these higher expenses and to achieve and maintain profitability. The market opportunities we are pursuing are at an early stage of development, and it may be many years before the end markets we expect to serve generate demand for our products at scale, if at all. Our revenue may be adversely affected for a number of reasons, including the development and/or market acceptance of new technology that competes with our lidar products, if certain automotive OEMs or other market participants change their autonomous vehicle technology, failure of our customers to commercialize autonomous systems that include our solutions, our inability to effectively manage our inventory or manufacture products at scale, our inability to enter new markets or help our customers adapt our products for new applications or our
 
7

Table of Contents
failure to attract new customers or expand orders from existing customers or increasing competition. Furthermore, it is difficult to predict the size and growth rate of our target markets, customer demand for our products, commercialization timelines, developments in autonomous sensing and related technology, the entry of competitive products, or the success of existing competitive products and services. For these reasons, we do not expect to achieve profitability over the near term. If our revenue does not grow over the long term, our ability to achieve and maintain profitability may be adversely affected, and the value of our business may significantly decrease.
If our lidar products are not selected for inclusion in autonomous driving systems or ADAS by automotive OEMs or their suppliers, our business will be materially and adversely affected.
Automotive OEMs and their suppliers design and develop autonomous driving and ADAS technology over several years. These automotive OEMs and suppliers undertake extensive testing or qualification processes prior to placing orders for large quantities of products such as our lidar products, because such products will function as part of a larger system or platform and must meet certain other specifications. We spend significant time and resources to have our products selected by automotive OEMs and their suppliers, which is known as a “design win.” In the case of autonomous driving and ADAS technology, a design win means our lidar product has been selected for use in a particular vehicle model. However, because we do not have existing relationships with Tier 1 suppliers, automotive OEMs may be less inclined to select our products for use in their vehicle models. If we do not achieve a design win with respect to a particular vehicle model, we may not have an opportunity to supply our products to the automotive OEM for that vehicle model for a period of many years. In many cases, this period can be as long as five to seven or more years. If our products are not selected by an automotive OEM or its suppliers for one vehicle model or if our products are not successful in that vehicle model, it is unlikely that our product will be deployed in other vehicle models of that OEM. If we fail to win a significant number of vehicle models from one or more of automotive OEMs or their suppliers, our business, results of operations and financial condition will be materially and adversely affected. For more information about certain risks related to product selection, please see the Risk Factor on page 20 of this prospectus captioned “
The period of time from a design win to implementation is long and we are subject to the risks of cancellation or postponement of the contract or unsuccessful implementation.”
Our forward looking estimates of certain financial metrics, including our Order Book, may prove inaccurate.
We use various estimates in formulating our business plans, including our estimate of our target year-end 2020 Order Book. We base our estimates upon a number of assumptions that are inherently subject to significant business and economic uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond our control. Our estimates therefore may prove inaccurate, causing the actual amount to differ from our estimates, including our Order Book estimate. These factors include, without limitation:
 
   
the extent to which customers who have selected Luminar for a program win commercially launch vehicles which include our hardware and software products;
 
   
the extent to which Luminar meets contractual terms and conditions;
 
   
the extent to which our technology is successfully integrated into our customers’ vehicles;
 
   
the timing of when our customers adopt our technology into their vehicles on a commercial basis which could be delayed for regulatory, safety or reliability issues unrelated to our technology;
 
   
undetected or unknown errors, defects or reliability issues in our hardware or software which could reduce the market adoption of our new products;
 
   
loss of business with respect to, the failure or lack of commercial success of a vehicle model for which we are a significant supplier for reasons unrelated to our technology; For more information about certain risks related to discontinuation or loss of business, please see the Risk Factor on page 18 of this prospectus captioned “
The discontinuation, lack of commercial success, or loss of business with respect
 
8

Table of Contents
 
to a particular vehicle model or technology package for which we are a significant supplier could reduce our sales and adversely affect our profitability
;
 
   
a decline, for any reason, in the production levels of our customers, particularly with respect to models which incorporate our technology;
 
   
customer cancellations of their contracts;
 
   
if Luminar’s products are included as part of a vehicle option package, the extent to which end customers select it; and
 
   
other risk factors set forth in this prospectus.
Information concerning our future cost of goods sold (COGS) and bill of materials (BOM) estimates may prove inaccurate.
We periodically provide estimates of future cost of goods sold and bill of materials, which by necessity, are projections based on anticipated rates of future production of our customers and the timing of related expenditures, and there are uncertainties inherent in the creation and interpretation of such data.
While we have successfully locked in an estimated sub $100 hardware cost (assuming certain volume estimates are met) in the supply agreements for all three of our key lidar components (receiver, ASIC and laser), which is a subset of our BOM, most of our components are manufactured using technologies that are highly complex and consequently, estimates of BOM and cost of goods sold may fluctuate due to many variable factors and assumptions, including but not limited to the following:
 
   
meeting certain volume estimates;
 
   
our reliance on key inputs and our inability to reduce and control the cost of such inputs;
 
   
our dependence on producing or sourcing certain key components and raw materials at acceptable price levels and our ability to adequately reduce and control the costs of such key components; For more information about certain risks related to our reliance on key inputs and our inability to reduce and control the costs of such inputs, please see the Risk Factor on page 10 of this prospectus captioned “
We are reliant on key inputs and our ability to reduce and control the cost of such inputs could negatively impact the adoption of our products and our profitability
;”
 
   
the risk of shortages and long lead times in the supply of key components and the risk that our suppliers discontinue or modify components used in its products; For more information about certain risks related to reliance on third party suppliers, please see the Risk Factor on page 12 of this prospectus captioned “
We rely on third-party suppliers and because some of the raw materials and key components in our products come from limited or single source suppliers, we are susceptible to supply shortages, long lead times for components, and supply changes, any of which could disrupt our supply chain and could delay deliveries of our products to customers
;”
 
   
lack of consistency and adequate quality and quantity of piece parts, other raw materials and other bill of materials items;
 
   
contract negotiations and the execution of firm supply agreements;
 
   
future versions of our product design incorporating new components meeting our customers’ requirements and specifications. For more information about certain risks related to product selection, please see the Risk Factor on page 20 of this prospectus captioned “
The period of time from a design win to implementation is long and we are subject to the risks of cancellation or postponement of the contract or unsuccessful implementation
;”
 
   
the qualification of new versions of our key components. For more information about certain risks related to qualification, please see the Risk Factor on page 8 of this prospectus captioned “
If our lidar products are not selected for inclusion in autonomous driving systems or ADAS by automotive OEMs or their suppliers, our business will be materially and adversely affected
;”
 
9

Table of Contents
   
defects in production processes (including system assembly) either within our facilities or at our suppliers;
 
   
any transitions or changes in our production process, planned or unplanned; and
 
   
other risk factors set forth in this prospectus.
We are reliant on key inputs and our inability to reduce and control the cost of such inputs could negatively impact the adoption of our products and our profitability.
The production of our sensors is dependent on producing or sourcing certain key components and raw materials at acceptable price levels. If we are unable to adequately reduce and control the costs of such key components, we will be unable to realize manufacturing costs targets, which could reduce the market adoption of our products, damage our reputation with current or prospective customers, and harm our brand, business, prospects, financial condition and operating results.
Continued pricing pressures, automotive OEM cost reduction initiatives and the ability of automotive OEMs to
re-source
or cancel vehicle or technology programs may result in lower than anticipated margins, or losses, which may adversely affect our business.
Cost-cutting initiatives adopted by our customers often result in increased downward pressure on pricing. We expect that our agreements with automotive OEMs may require step-downs in pricing over the term of the agreement or, if commercialized, over the period of production. In addition, our automotive OEM customers often reserve the right to terminate their supply contracts for convenience, which enhances their ability to obtain price reductions. Automotive OEMs also possess significant leverage over their suppliers, including us, because the automotive component supply industry is highly competitive, serves a limited number of customers and has a high fixed cost base.
Accordingly, we expect to be subject to substantial continuing pressure from automotive OEMs and Tier 1 suppliers to reduce the price of our products. It is possible that pricing pressures beyond our expectations could intensify as automotive OEMs pursue restructuring, consolidation and cost-cutting initiatives. If we are unable to generate sufficient production cost savings in the future to offset price reductions, our gross margin and profitability would be adversely affected.
We expect to incur substantial R&D costs and devote significant resources to identifying and commercializing new products, which could significantly reduce our profitability and may never result in revenue to us.
Our future growth depends on penetrating new markets, adapting existing products to new applications and customer requirements, and introducing new products that achieve market acceptance. We plan to incur substantial, and potentially increasing, R&D costs as part of our efforts to design, develop, manufacture and commercialize new products and enhance existing products. Our R&D expenses were $37.0 million, $40.1 million and $28.3 million during 2018, 2019 and the nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, and are likely to grow in the future. Because we account for R&D as an operating expense, these expenditures will adversely affect our results of operations in the future. Further, our R&D program may not produce successful results, and our new products may not achieve market acceptance, create additional revenue or become profitable.
Although we believe that lidar is the industry standard for autonomous vehicles and other emerging markets, market adoption of lidar is uncertain. If market adoption of lidar does not continue to develop, or develops more slowly than we expect, our business will be adversely affected.
While our lidar-based smart vision solutions can be applied to different use cases across end markets, nearly all of our revenue is generated from automotive applications with a few customers in the aerospace and defense,
 
10

Table of Contents
construction, mining and aviation sectors. Despite the fact that the automotive industry has engaged in considerable effort to research and test lidar products for ADAS and autonomous driving applications, the automotive industry may not introduce lidar products in commercially available vehicles. We continually study emerging and competing sensing technologies and methodologies and we may add new sensing technologies. However, lidar products remain relatively new and it is possible that other sensing modalities, or a new disruptive modality based on new or existing technology, including a combination of technology, will achieve acceptance or leadership in the ADAS and autonomous driving industries. Even if lidar products are used in initial generations of autonomous driving technology and certain ADAS products, we cannot guarantee that lidar products will be designed into or included in subsequent generations of such commercialized technology. In addition, we expect that initial generations of autonomous vehicles will be focused on limited applications, such as robo-taxis, and that mass market adoption of autonomous technology may lag behind these initial applications significantly. The speed of market growth for ADAS or autonomous vehicles is difficult if not impossible to predict, and it is more difficult to predict this market’s future growth in light of the economic consequences of the
COVID-19
pandemic. Although we currently believe we are a leader in lidar-based systems for the autonomous vehicle market, by the time mass market adoption of autonomous vehicle technology is achieved, we expect competition among providers of sensing technology based on lidar and other modalities to increase substantially. If commercialization of lidar products is not successful, or not as successful as we or the market expects, or if other sensing modalities gain acceptance by developers of autonomous driving systems or ADAS, automotive OEMs, regulators and safety organizations or other market participants by the time autonomous vehicle technology achieves mass market adoption, our business, results of operations and financial condition will be materially and adversely affected.
We are investing in and pursuing market opportunities outside of the automotive markets, including in the aerospace and defense, aviation, construction, mining, security and city infrastructure sectors. We believe that our future revenue growth, if any, will depend in part on our ability to expand within new markets such as these and to enter new markets as they emerge. Each of these markets presents distinct risks and, in many cases, requires us to address the particular requirements of that market.
Addressing these requirements can be time-consuming and costly. The market for lidar technology outside of automotive applications is relatively new, rapidly developing and unproven in many markets or industries. Many of our customers outside of the automotive industry are still in the testing and development phases and we cannot be certain that they will commercialize products or systems with our lidar products or at all. We cannot be certain that lidar will be sold into these markets, or any market outside of automotive market, at scale. Adoption of lidar products, including our products, outside of the automotive industry will depend on numerous factors, including: whether the technological capabilities of lidar and lidar-based products meet users’ current or anticipated needs, whether the benefits of designing lidar into larger sensing systems outweigh the costs, complexity and time needed to deploy such technology or replace or modify existing systems that may have used other modalities such as cameras and radar, whether users in other applications can move beyond the testing and development phases and proceed to commercializing systems supported by lidar technology and whether lidar developers such as us can keep pace with rapid technological change in certain developing markets and the global response to the
COVID-19
pandemic and the length of any associated work stoppages. If lidar technology does not achieve commercial success outside of the automotive industry, or if the market develops at a pace slower than we expect, our business, results of operation and financial condition will be materially and adversely affected.
We may experience difficulties in managing our growth and expanding our operations.
We expect to experience significant growth in the scope and nature of our operations. Our ability to manage our operations and future growth will require us to continue to improve our operational, financial and management controls, compliance programs and reporting systems. We are currently in the process of strengthening our compliance programs, including our compliance programs related to export controls, privacy and cybersecurity and anti-corruption. We may not be able to implement improvements in an efficient or timely
 
11

Table of Contents
manner and may discover deficiencies in existing controls, programs, systems and procedures, which could have an adverse effect on our business, reputation and financial results.
We rely on third-party suppliers and because some of the raw materials and key components in our products come from limited or single source suppliers, we are susceptible to supply shortages, long lead times for components, and supply changes, any of which could disrupt our supply chain and could delay deliveries of our products to customers.
Some of the components that go into the manufacture of our solutions are sourced from third-party suppliers.
To date, we have produced our products in relatively limited quantities for use in R&D programs. Although we do not have any experience in managing our supply chain to manufacture and deliver our products at scale, our future success will depend on our ability to manage our supply chain to manufacture and deliver our products at scale. Some of the key components used to manufacture our products come from limited or single source suppliers. We are therefore subject to the risk of shortages and long lead times in the
supply of these components and the risk that our suppliers discontinue or modify components used in its products. We have a global supply chain and the
COVID-19
pandemic and other health epidemics and outbreaks may adversely affect our ability to source components in a timely or cost effective manner from our third-party suppliers due to, among other things, work stoppages or interruptions. For example, our products depend on lasers and we currently consume a substantial portion of the available market. Any shortage of these lasers could materially and adversely affect our ability to manufacture our solutions. In addition, the lead times associated with certain components are lengthy and preclude rapid changes in quantities and delivery schedules. We have in the past experienced and may in the future experience component shortages and price fluctuations of certain key components and materials, and the predictability of the availability and pricing of these components may be limited. Component shortages or pricing fluctuations could be material in the future. In the event of a component shortage, supply interruption or material pricing change from suppliers of these components, we may not be able to develop alternate sources in a timely manner or at all in the case of sole or limited sources. Developing alternate sources of supply for these components may be time-consuming, difficult, and costly and we may not be able to source these components on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all, which may undermine our ability to meet our requirements or to fill customer orders in a timely manner. Any interruption or delay in the supply of any of these parts or components, or the inability to obtain these parts or components from alternate sources at acceptable prices and within a reasonable amount of time, would adversely affect our ability to meet our scheduled product deliveries to our customers. This could adversely affect our relationships with our customers and channel partners and could cause delays in shipment of our products and adversely affect our operating results. In addition, increased component costs could result in lower gross margins. Even where we are able to pass increased component costs along to our customers, there may be a lapse of time before we are able to do so such that we must absorb the increased cost. If we are unable to buy these components in quantities sufficient to meet our requirements on a timely basis, we will not be able to deliver products to our customers, which may result in such customers using competitive products instead of ours.
Because our sales have been primarily to customers making purchases for R&D projects and our orders are project-based, we expect our results of operations to fluctuate on a quarterly and annual basis, which could cause our stock price to fluctuate or decline.
Our quarterly results of operations have fluctuated in the past and may vary significantly in the future, and our revenue has declined in the first two quarters of 2020. As such, historical comparisons of our operating results may not be meaningful. In particular, because our sales to date have primarily been to customers making purchases for R&D, sales in any given quarter can fluctuate based on the timing and success of our customers’ development projects. Accordingly, the results of any one quarter should not be relied upon as an indication of future performance. Our quarterly financial results may fluctuate as a result of a variety of factors, many of which are outside of our control and may not fully reflect the underlying performance of our business. These fluctuations could adversely affect our ability to meet our expectations or those of securities analysts, ratings agencies or investors. If we do not meet these expectations for any period, the value of our business and our
 
12

Table of Contents
securities could decline significantly. Factors that may cause these quarterly fluctuations include, without limitation, those listed below:
 
   
the timing and magnitude of orders and shipments of our products in any quarter;
 
   
pricing changes we may adopt to drive market adoption or in response to competitive pressure;
 
   
our ability to retain our existing customers and attract new customers;
 
   
our ability to develop, introduce, manufacture and ship in a timely manner products that meet customer requirements;
 
   
disruptions in our sales channels or termination of its relationship with important channel partners;
 
   
delays in customers’ purchasing cycles or deferments of customers’ purchases in anticipation of new products or
up-dates
from us or our competitors;
 
   
fluctuations in demand pressures for our products;
 
   
the mix of products sold in any quarter;
 
   
the duration of the global
COVID-19
pandemic and the time it takes for economic recovery;
 
   
the timing and rate of broader market adoption of autonomous systems utilizing our solutions across the automotive and other market sectors;
 
   
market acceptance of lidar and further technological advancements by our competitors and other market participants;
 
   
the ability of our customers to commercialize systems that incorporate our products;
 
   
any change in the competitive dynamics of our markets, including consolidation of competitors, regulatory developments and new market entrants;
 
   
our ability to effectively manage our inventory;
 
   
changes in the source, cost, availability of and regulations pertaining to materials we use;
 
   
adverse litigation, judgments, settlements or other litigation-related costs, or claims that may give rise to such costs; and
 
   
general economic, industry and market conditions, including trade disputes.
Our transition to an outsourced manufacturing business model may not be successful, which could harm our ability to deliver products and recognize revenue.
We are in the initial stages of transitioning from a manufacturing model in which we primarily manufactured and assembled our products at our Orlando, Florida location, to one where we rely on third-party manufacturers in Mexico, California and potentially other foreign and domestic locations. We currently have an agreement with one such manufacturer of a key component and are in negotiations with other third parties to provide contract manufacturing of certain of our products. We believe the use of third-party manufacturers will have benefits, but in the near term, while we are beginning manufacturing with new partners, we may lose revenue, incur increased costs and potentially harm our customer relationships.
Reliance on third-party manufacturers reduces our control over the manufacturing process, including reduced control over quality, product costs and product supply and timing. We may experience delays in shipments or issues concerning product quality from our third-party manufacturers. If any of our third-party manufacturers experience interruptions, delays or disruptions in supplying our products, including by natural disasters, the global
COVID-19
pandemic, other health epidemics and outbreaks, or work stoppages or capacity constraints, our ability to ship products to distributors and customers would be delayed. In addition, unfavorable
 
13

Table of Contents
economic conditions could result in financial distress among third-party manufacturers upon which we rely, thereby increasing the risk of disruption of supplies necessary to fulfill our production requirements and meet customer demands. Additionally, if any of our third-party manufacturers experience quality control problems in their manufacturing operations and our products do not meet customer or regulatory requirements, we could be required to cover the cost of repair or replacement of any defective products. These delays or product quality issues could have an immediate and material adverse effect on our ability to fulfill orders and could have a negative effect on our operating results. In addition, such delays or issues with product quality could adversely affect our reputation and our relationship with our channel partners. If third-party manufacturers experience financial, operational, manufacturing capacity or other difficulties, or experience shortages in required components, or if they are otherwise unable or unwilling to continue to manufacture our products in required volumes or at all, our supply may be disrupted, we may be required to seek alternate manufacturers and we may be required to
re-design
our products. It would be time-consuming, and could be costly and impracticable, to begin to use new manufacturers and designs, and such changes could cause significant interruptions in supply and could have an adverse effect on our ability to meet our scheduled product deliveries and may subsequently lead to the loss of sales. While we take measures to protect our trade secrets, the use of third-party manufacturers may also risk disclosure of our innovative and proprietary manufacturing methodologies, which could adversely affect our business.
If we commence international manufacturing operations, we may face risks associated with manufacturing operations outside the United States.
Manufacturing outside the United States is subject to several inherent risks, including:
 
   
foreign currency fluctuations;
 
   
local economic conditions;
 
   
political instability;
 
   
import or export requirements;
 
   
foreign government regulatory requirements;
 
   
reduced protection for intellectual property rights in some countries;
 
   
tariffs and other trade barriers and restrictions; and
 
   
potentially adverse tax consequences.
If we commence manufacturing operations outside the United States, we may be subject to these risks. Such risks could increase our costs and decrease our profit margins.
We, our outsourcing partners and our suppliers may rely on complex machinery for our production, which involves a significant degree of risk and uncertainty in terms of operational performance and costs.
We, our outsourcing partners and our suppliers may rely on complex machinery for the production, assembly and installation of our lidar solutions, which will involve a significant degree of uncertainty and risk in terms of operational performance and costs. Our production facilities and the facilities of our outsourcing partners and suppliers consist of large-scale machinery combining many components. These components may suffer unexpected malfunctions from time to time and will depend on repairs and spare parts to resume operations, which may not be available when needed. Unexpected malfunctions of these components may significantly affect the intended operational efficiency. Operational performance and costs can be difficult to predict and are often influenced by factors outside of our control, such as, but not limited to, scarcity of natural resources, environmental hazards and remediation, costs associated with decommissioning of machines, labor disputes and strikes, difficulty or delays in obtaining governmental permits, damages or defects in electronic systems, industrial accidents, fire, seismic activity and natural disasters. Should operational risks materialize, it
 
14

Table of Contents
may result in the personal injury to or death of workers, the loss of production equipment, damage to production facilities, monetary losses, delays and unanticipated fluctuations in production, environmental damage, administrative fines, increased insurance costs and potential legal liabilities, all which could have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, financial condition or operating results.
As part of growing our business, we may make acquisitions. If we fail to successfully select, execute or integrate our acquisitions, then our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected, and our stock price could decline.
From time to time, we may undertake acquisitions to add new products and technologies, acquire talent, gain new sales channels or enter into new markets or sales territories. In addition to possible stockholder approval, we may need approvals and licenses from relevant government authorities for the acquisitions and to comply with any applicable laws and regulations, which could result in increased delay and costs, and may disrupt our business strategy if we fail to do so. Furthermore, acquisitions and the subsequent integration of new assets, businesses, key personnel, customers, vendors and suppliers require significant attention from our management and could result in a diversion of resources from our existing business, which in turn could have an adverse effect on our operations. Acquired assets or businesses may not generate the financial results we expect. Acquisitions could result in the use of substantial amounts of cash, potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities, the occurrence of significant goodwill impairment charges, amortization expenses for other intangible assets and exposure to potential unknown liabilities of the acquired business. Moreover, the costs of identifying and consummating acquisitions may be significant.
To date, we have limited experience with acquisitions and the integration of acquired technology and personnel. Failure to successfully identify, complete, manage and integrate acquisitions could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations and could cause our stock price to decline.
Our sales and operations in international markets expose us to operational, financial and regulatory risks.
International sales comprise a significant amount of our overall revenue. Sales to international customers accounted for 20%, 17% and 72% of our revenue in 2018, 2019 and the nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. We are committed to growing our international sales, and while we have committed resources to expanding our international operations and sales channels, these efforts may not be successful. International operations are subject to a number of other risks, including:
 
   
exchange rate fluctuations;
 
   
political and economic instability, international terrorism and anti-American sentiment, particularly in emerging markets;
 
   
global or regional health crises, such as the
COVID-19
pandemic or other health epidemics and outbreaks;
 
   
potential for violations of anti-corruption laws and regulations, such as those related to bribery and fraud;
 
   
preference for locally branded products, and laws and business practices favoring local competition;
 
   
potential consequences of, and uncertainty related to, the “Brexit” process in the United Kingdom, which could lead to additional expense and complexity in doing business there;
 
   
increased difficulty in managing inventory;
 
   
delayed revenue recognition;
 
   
less effective protection of intellectual property;
 
15

Table of Contents
   
stringent regulation of the autonomous or other systems or products using our products and stringent consumer protection and product compliance regulations, including but not limited to General Data Protection Regulation in the European Union, European competition law, the Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive, the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive and the European Ecodesign Directive that are costly to comply with and may vary from country to country;
 
   
difficulties and costs of staffing and managing foreign operations;
 
   
import and export laws and the impact of tariffs;
 
   
changes in local tax and customs duty laws or changes in the enforcement, application or interpretation of such laws; and
 
   
U.S. government’s restrictions on certain technology transfer to certain countries of concern.
The occurrence of any of these risks could negatively affect our international business and consequently our business, operating results and financial condition.
The complexity of our products could result in unforeseen delays or expenses from undetected defects, errors or reliability issues in hardware or software which could reduce the market adoption of our new products, damage our reputation with current or prospective customers, expose us to product liability and other claims and adversely affect our operating costs.
Our products are highly technical and very complex and require high standards to manufacture and have in the past and will likely in the future experience defects, errors or reliability issues at various stages of development. We may be unable to timely release new products, manufacture existing products, correct problems that have arisen or correct such problems to our customers’ satisfaction. Additionally, undetected errors, defects or security vulnerabilities, especially as new products are introduced or as new versions are released, could result in serious injury to the end users of technology incorporating our products, or those in the surrounding area, our customers never being able to commercialize technology incorporating our products, litigation against us, negative publicity and other consequences. These risks are particularly prevalent in the highly competitive autonomous driving and ADAS markets. Some errors or defects in our products may only be discovered after they have been tested, commercialized and deployed by customers. If that is the case, we may incur significant additional development costs and product recall, repair or replacement costs. These problems may also result in claims, including class actions, against us by our customers or others. Our reputation or brand may be damaged as a result of these problems and customers may be reluctant to buy our products, which could adversely affect our ability to retain existing customers and attract new customers and could adversely affect our financial results.
In addition, we could face material legal claims for breach of contract, product liability, fraud, tort or breach of warranty as a result of these problems. Defending a lawsuit, regardless of its merit, could be costly and may divert management’s attention and adversely affect the market’s perception of us and our products. In addition, our business liability insurance coverage could prove inadequate with respect to a claim and future coverage may be unavailable on acceptable terms or at all. These product-related issues could result in claims against us and our business could be adversely affected.
We may be subject to product liability or warranty claims that could result in significant direct or indirect costs, which could adversely affect our business and operating results.
Our customers use our solutions in autonomous driving and ADAS applications, which present the risk of significant injury, including fatalities. We may be subject to claims if a product using our lidar technology is involved in an accident and persons are injured or purport to be injured. Any insurance that we carry may not be sufficient or it may not apply to all situations. Similarly, our customers could be subjected to claims as a result of such accidents and bring legal claims against us to attempt to hold us liable. In addition, if lawmakers or governmental agencies were to determine that the use of our products or autonomous driving or certain ADAS
 
16

Table of Contents
applications increased the risk of injury to all or a subset of our customers, they may pass laws or adopt regulations that limit the use of our products or increase our liability associated with the use of our products or that regulate the use of or delay the deployment of autonomous driving and ADAS technology. Any of these events could adversely affect our brand, relationships with customers, operating results or financial condition.
We typically provide a limited-time warranty on our products. The occurrence of any material defects in our products could make us liable for damages and warranty claims. In addition, we could incur significant costs to correct any defects, warranty claims or other problems, including costs related to product recalls. Any negative publicity related to the perceived quality of our products could affect our brand image, partner and customer demand, and adversely affect our operating results and financial condition. Also, warranty, recall and product liability claims may result in litigation, including class actions, the occurrence of which could be costly, lengthy and distracting and adversely affect our business and operating results.
If we do not maintain sufficient inventory or if we do not adequately manage our inventory, we could lose sales or incur higher inventory-related expenses, which could negatively affect our operating results.
To ensure adequate inventory supply, we must forecast inventory needs and expenses, place orders sufficiently in advance with our suppliers and manufacturing partners and manufacture products based on our estimates of future demand for particular products. Fluctuations in the adoption of lidar products may affect our ability to forecast our future operating results, including revenue, gross margins, cash flows and profitability. Our ability to accurately forecast demand for our products could be affected by many factors, including the rapidly changing nature of the autonomous driving and ADAS markets in which we operate, the uncertainty surrounding the market acceptance and commercialization of lidar technology, the emergence of new markets, an increase or decrease in customer demand for our products or for products and services of our competitors, product introductions by competitors, the
COVID-19
pandemic, other health epidemics and outbreaks, and any associated work stoppages or interruptions, unanticipated changes in general market conditions and the weakening of economic conditions or consumer confidence in future economic conditions. If our lidar products are commercialized in autonomous driving and ADAS applications, both of which are experiencing rapid growth in demand, we may face challenges acquiring adequate supplies to manufacture our products and/or we and our manufacturing partners may not be able to manufacture our products at a rate necessary to satisfy the levels of demand, which would negatively affect our revenue. This risk may be exacerbated by the fact that we may not carry or be able to obtain for our manufacturers a significant amount of inventory to satisfy short-term demand increases. If we fail to accurately forecast customer demand, we may experience excess inventory levels or a shortage of products available for sale.
Inventory levels in excess of customer demand may result in inventory write-downs or write-offs and the sale of excess inventory at discounted prices, which would adversely affect our financial results, including our gross margin, and have a negative effect on our brand. Conversely, if we underestimate customer demand for our products, we, or our manufacturing partners, may not be able to deliver products to meet our requirements, and this could result in damage to our brand and customer relationships and adversely affect our revenue and operating results.
The average selling prices of our products could decrease rapidly over the life of the product, which may negatively affect our revenue and gross margin.
We may experience declines in the average selling prices of our products generally as our customers seek to commercialize autonomous systems at prices low enough to achieve market acceptance. In order to sell products that have a falling average unit selling price and maintain margins at the same time, we will need to continually reduce product and manufacturing costs. To manage manufacturing costs, we must engineer the most cost-effective design for our products. In addition, we continuously drive initiatives to reduce labor cost, improve worker efficiency, reduce the cost of materials, use fewer materials and further lower overall product costs by carefully managing component prices, inventory and shipping cost. We also need to continually introduce new
 
17

Table of Contents
products with higher sales prices and gross margin in order to maintain our overall gross margin. If we are unable to manage the cost of older products or successfully introduce new products with higher gross margin, our revenue and overall gross margin would likely decline.
Adverse conditions in the automotive industry or the global economy more generally could have adverse effects on our results of operations.
While we make our strategic planning decisions based on the assumption that the markets we are targeting will grow, our business is dependent, in large part on, and directly affected by, business cycles and other factors affecting the global automobile industry and global economy generally. Automotive production and sales are highly cyclical and depend on general economic conditions and other factors, including consumer spending and preferences, changes in interest rates and credit availability, consumer confidence, fuel costs, fuel availability, environmental impact, governmental incentives and regulatory requirements, and political volatility, especially in energy-producing countries and growth markets. In addition, automotive production and sales can be affected by our automotive OEM customers’ ability to continue operating in response to challenging economic conditions and in response to labor relations issues, regulatory requirements, trade agreements and other factors. The volume of automotive production in North America, Europe and the rest of the world has fluctuated, sometimes significantly, from year to year, and we expect such fluctuations to give rise to fluctuations in the demand for our products. Any significant adverse change in any of these factors may result in a reduction in automotive sales and production by our automotive OEM customers and could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
The discontinuation, lack of commercial success, or loss of business with respect to a particular vehicle model or technology package for which we are a significant supplier could reduce our sales and adversely affect our profitability.
If we are able to secure design wins and our solutions are included in these autonomous driving and ADAS products, we expect to enter into supply agreements with the relevant customer. Market practice dictates that these supply agreements typically require us to supply a customer’s requirements for a particular vehicle model or autonomous driving or ADAS product, rather than supply a set number of products. These contracts can have short terms and/or can be subject to renegotiation, sometimes as frequently as annually, all of which may affect product pricing, and may be terminated by our customers at any time. Therefore, even if we are successful in obtaining design wins and the systems into which our products are built are commercialized, the discontinuation of, the loss of business with respect to, or a lack of commercial success of a particular vehicle model or technology package for which we are a significant supplier could mean that the expected sales of our products will not materialize, materially and adversely affecting our business.
Since many of the markets in which we compete are new and rapidly evolving, it is difficult to forecast long-term
end-customer
adoption rates and demand for our products.
We are pursuing opportunities in markets that are undergoing rapid changes, including technological and regulatory changes, and it is difficult to predict the timing and size of the opportunities. For example, autonomous driving and lidar-based ADAS applications require complex technology. Because these automotive systems depend on technology from many companies, commercialization of autonomous driving or ADAS products could be delayed or impaired on account of certain technological components of our or others not being ready to be deployed in vehicles. Although we currently have contracts with over 50 commercial partners, these companies may not be able to commercialize our technology immediately, or at all. Regulatory, safety or reliability developments, many of which are outside of our control, could also cause delays or otherwise impair commercial adoption of these new technologies, which will adversely affect our growth. Our future financial performance will depend on our ability to make timely investments in the correct market opportunities. If one or more of these markets experience a shift in customer or prospective customer demand, our products may not
 
18

Table of Contents
compete as effectively, if at all, and they may not be designed into commercialized products. Given the evolving nature of the markets in which we operate, it is difficult to predict customer demand or adoption rates for our products or the future growth of the markets in which we operate. As a result, the financial projections in this prospectus necessarily reflect various estimates and assumptions that may not prove accurate and these projections could differ materially from actual results due to the risks included in this “
Risk Factors
” section, among others. If demand does not develop or if we cannot accurately forecast customer demand, the size of our markets, inventory requirements or our future financial results, our business, results of operations and financial condition will be adversely affected.
We currently have and target many customers that are large corporations with substantial negotiating power, exacting product standards and potentially competitive internal solutions. If we are unable to sell our products to these customers, our prospects and results of operations will be adversely affected.
Many of our customers and potential customers are large, multinational corporations with substantial negotiating power relative to us and, in some instances, may have internal solutions that are competitive to our products. These large, multinational corporations also have significant development resources, which may allow them to acquire or develop independently, or in partnership with others, competitive technologies. Meeting the technical requirements and securing design wins with any of these companies will require a substantial investment of our time and resources. We cannot assure you that our products will secure design wins from these or other companies or that we will generate meaningful revenue from the sales of our products to these key potential customers. If our products are not selected by these large corporations or if these corporations develop or acquire competitive technology, it will have an adverse effect on our business.
Our business could be materially and adversely affected if we lost any of our largest customers or if we were unable to pay our invoices.
Although we have and continue to pursue a broad customer base, we are dependent on a collection of large customers with strong purchasing power. In 2018 and 2019, our top 10 customers represented 91% and 79% of our revenue, respectively. In 2018 and 2019, Volvo, Toyota and Northrop Grumman accounted for more than 10% of our annual revenue. The loss of business from any of our major customers (whether by lower overall demand for our products, cancellation of existing contracts or product orders or the failure to design in our products or award us new business) could have a material adverse effect on our business.
To the extent autonomous vehicle and ADAS systems become accepted by major automotive OEMs, we expect that we will rely increasingly for our revenue on Tier 1 suppliers through which automotive OEMs procure components. We expect that these Tier 1 suppliers will be responsible for certain hardpoint and software configuration activities specific to each OEM, and they may not exclusively carry our solutions.
There is also a risk that one or more of our major customers could be unable to pay our invoices as they become due or that a customer will simply refuse to make such payments if it experiences financial difficulties. If a major customer were to enter into bankruptcy proceedings or similar proceedings whereby contractual commitments are subject to stay of execution and the possibility of legal or other modification, we could be forced to record a substantial loss.
We are substantially dependent on our partnership with Volvo, and our business could be materially and adversely affected if our partnership with Volvo were terminated.
Our business is substantially dependent on our partnership with Volvo. For the year ended December 31, 2019 and the nine months ended September 30, 2020, Volvo accounted for $0.6 million, or 4.7%, and $7.5 million, or 65%, respectively, of our total revenue. There can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain our relationship with Volvo and secure orders for our products. If we are unable to maintain our relationship with Volvo, or if our arrangement is modified so that the economic terms become less favorable to us, then our business would be materially adversely affected.
 
19

Table of Contents
If we are unable to establish and maintain confidence in our long-term business prospects among customers and analysts and within our industry or are subject to negative publicity, then our financial condition, operating results, business prospects and access to capital may suffer materially.
Customers may be less likely to purchase our lidar solutions if they are not convinced that our business will succeed or that our service and support and other operations will continue in the long term.
Similarly, suppliers and other third parties will be less likely to invest time and resources in developing business relationships with us if they are not convinced that our business will succeed. Accordingly, in order to build and maintain our business, we must maintain confidence among customers, suppliers, analysts, ratings agencies and other parties in our products, long-term financial viability and business prospects. Maintaining such confidence may be particularly complicated by certain factors including those that are largely outside of our control, such as our limited operating history, customer unfamiliarity with our lidar solutions, any delays in scaling production, delivery and service operations to meet demand, competition and uncertainty regarding the future of autonomous vehicles or our other services and our production and sales performance compared with market expectations.
Our investments in educating our customers and potential customers about the advantages of lidar and its applications may not result in sales of our products.
Educating our prospective customers, and to a lesser extent, our existing customers, about lidar, its advantages over other sensing technologies and lidar’s ability to convey value in different industries and deployments is an integral part of developing new business and the lidar market generally. If prospective customers have a negative perception of, or experience with, lidar or a competitor’s lidar products they may be reluctant to adopt lidar in general or specifically our products. Adverse statements about lidar by influential market participants may also deter adoption. Some of our competitors have significant financial or marketing resources that may allow them to engage in public marketing campaigns about their alternative technology, lidar or our solutions. Our efforts to educate potential customers and the market generally and to counter any adverse statements made by competitors or other market participants will require significant financial and personnel resources. These educational efforts may not be successful and we may not offset the costs of such efforts with revenue from the new customers. If we are unable to acquire new customers to offset these expenses or if the market accepts such adverse statements, our financial condition will be adversely affected.
The period of time from a design win to implementation is long and we are subject to the risks of cancellation or postponement of the contract or unsuccessful implementation.
Prospective customers, including those in the automotive industry, generally must make significant commitments of resources to test and validate our products and confirm that they can integrate with other technologies before including them in any particular system, product or model. The development cycles of our products with new customers varies widely depending on the application, market, customer and the complexity of the product. In the automotive market, for example, this development cycle can be five to seven or more years. The development cycle in certain other markets can be months to one or two years. These development cycles result in us investing our resources prior to realizing any revenue from the commercialization. Further, we are subject to the risk that customers cancel or postpone implementation of our technology, as well as that we will not be able to integrate our technology successfully into a larger system with other sensing modalities. Further, our revenue could be less than forecasted if the system, product or vehicle model that includes our lidar products is unsuccessful, including for reasons unrelated to our technology. Long development cycles and product cancellations or postponements may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
We operate in a highly competitive market and some market participants have substantially greater resources. We compete against a large number of both established competitors and new market entrants.
The markets for sensing technology applicable to autonomous solutions in the automobile industry are highly competitive. Our future success will depend on our ability to remain a leader in our targeted markets by
 
20

Table of Contents
continuing to develop and protect from infringement advanced lidar technology in a timely manner and to stay ahead of existing and new competitors. Our competitors are numerous and they compete with us directly by offering lidar products and indirectly by attempting to solve some of the same challenges with different technology. We face competition from camera and radar companies, other developers of lidar products, Tier 1 suppliers and other technology and automotive supply companies, some of which have significantly greater resources than we do. In the automotive market, our competitors have commercialized both lidar and
non-lidar-based
ADAS technology that has achieved market adoption, strong brand recognition and may continue to improve. Other competitors are working towards commercializing autonomous driving technology and either by themselves, or with a publicly announced partner, have substantial financial, marketing, R&D and other resources. Some of our customers in the autonomous vehicle and ADAS markets have announced development efforts or made acquisitions directed at creating their own lidar-based or other sensing technologies, which would compete with our solutions. We do not know how close these competitors are to commercializing autonomous driving systems or novel ADAS applications. In markets outside of the automotive industry, our competitors, like us, seek to develop new sensing applications across industries. Even in these emerging markets, we face substantial competition from numerous competitors seeking to prove the value of their technology.
Additionally, increased competition may result in pricing pressure and reduced margins and may impede our ability to increase the sales of our products or cause us to lose market share, any of which will adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
The markets in which we compete are characterized by rapid technological change, which requires us to continue to develop new products and product innovations and could adversely affect market adoption of our products.
While we intend to invest substantial resources to remain on the forefront of technological development, continuing technological changes in sensing technology, lidar and the markets for these products, including the ADAS and autonomous driving industries, could adversely affect adoption of lidar and/or our products, either generally or for particular applications. Our future success will depend upon our ability to develop and introduce a variety of new capabilities and innovations to our existing product offerings, as well as introduce a variety of new product offerings, to address the changing needs of the markets in which we offer our products. For example, we are currently working on developing perception software products. We cannot guarantee that such software or other new products will be released in a timely manner, or at all, or achieve market acceptance. Delays in delivering new products that meet customer requirements could damage our relationships with customers and lead them to seek alternative sources of supply. In addition, our success to date has been based on the delivery of our solutions to R&D programs in which developers are investing substantial capital to develop new systems. Our continued success relies on the success of the R&D phase of these customers as they expand into commercialized projects. As autonomous technology reaches the stage of large-scale commercialization, we will be required to develop and deliver solutions at price points that enable wider and ultimately mass-market adoption. Delays in introducing products and innovations, the failure to choose correctly among technical alternatives or the failure to offer innovative products or configurations at competitive prices may cause existing and potential customers to purchase our competitors’ products or turn to alternative sensing technology.
If we are unable to devote adequate resources to develop products or cannot otherwise successfully develop products or system configurations that meet customer requirements on a timely basis or that remain competitive with technological alternatives, our products could lose market share, our revenue will decline, we may experience operating losses and our business and prospects will be adversely affected.
Developments in alternative technology may adversely affect the demand for our lidar technology.
Significant developments in alternative technologies, such as cameras and radar,
may materially and adversely affect our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results in ways we do not currently anticipate. Existing and other camera and radar technologies may emerge as customers’ preferred alternative to
 
21

Table of Contents
our solutions. Any failure by us to develop new or enhanced technologies or processes, or to react to changes in existing technologies, could materially delay our development and introduction of new and enhanced products in the autonomous vehicle industry, which could result in the loss of competitiveness of our lidar solutions, decreased revenue and a loss of market share to competitors. Our R&D efforts may not be sufficient to adapt to changes in technology. As technologies change, we plan to upgrade or adapt our lidar solutions with the latest technology. However, our solutions may not compete effectively with alternative systems if we are not able to source and integrate the latest technology into our existing lidar solutions.
Because lidar is new in most of the markets we are seeking to enter, forecasts of market growth in this prospectus may not be accurate.
Market opportunity estimates and growth forecasts included in this prospectus are subject to significant uncertainty and are based on assumptions and estimates that may not prove to be accurate. The forecasts and estimates in this prospectus relating to the expected size and growth of the markets for lidar-based technology may prove to be inaccurate. Even if these markets experience the forecasted growth described in this prospectus, we may not grow our business at similar rates, or at all. Our future growth is subject to many factors, including market adoption of our products, which is subject to many risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, the forecasts and estimates of market size and growth described in this prospectus, including our estimates that the size of our total addressable market is expected to grow from approximately $5 billion currently to $150 billion by 2030, should not be taken as indicative of our future growth. In addition, these forecasts do not take into account the impact of the current global
COVID-19
pandemic, and we cannot assure you that these forecasts will not be materially and adversely affected as a result.
We may need to raise additional capital in the future in order to execute our business plan, which may not be available on terms acceptable to us, or at all.
In the future, we may require additional capital to respond to technological advancements, competitive dynamics or technologies, customer demands, business opportunities, challenges, acquisitions or unforeseen circumstances and we may determine to engage in equity or debt financings or enter into credit facilities for other reasons. In order to further business relationships with current or potential customers or partners, we may issue equity or equity-linked securities to such current or potential customers or partners. We may not be able to timely secure additional debt or equity financing on favorable terms, or at all. If we raise additional funds through the issuance of equity or convertible debt or other equity-linked securities or if we issue equity or equity-linked securities to current or potential customers to further business relationships, our existing stockholders could experience significant dilution. Any debt financing obtained by us in the future could involve restrictive covenants relating to our capital raising activities and other financial and operational matters, which may make it more difficult for us to obtain additional capital and to pursue business opportunities, including potential acquisitions. If we are unable to obtain adequate financing or financing on terms satisfactory to us, when we require it, our ability to continue to grow or support our business and to respond to business challenges could be significantly limited.
We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018 and 2019. If we are unable to develop and maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results in a timely manner, which may adversely affect investor confidence in us.
In connection with our financial statement close process for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2019, we identified a material weakness in the design and operating effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. The material weakness we identified resulted from a lack of sufficient number of qualified personnel within our accounting function who possessed an appropriate level of expertise to effectively perform the following functions:
 
   
identify, select and apply GAAP sufficiently to provide reasonable assurance that transactions were being appropriately recorded; and
 
22

Table of Contents
   
assess risk and design appropriate control activities over information technology systems and financial and reporting processes necessary to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements.
A material weakness is a deficiency or combination of deficiencies in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our financial statements would not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. These deficiencies could result in additional material misstatements to our consolidated financial statements that could not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.
Our management is in the process of developing a remediation plan which shall include, without limitation, the hiring of additional accounting and finance personnel with technical public company accounting and financial reporting experience. The material weaknesses will not be considered remediated until management designs and implements effective controls that operate for a sufficient period of time and management has concluded, through testing, that these controls are effective. Our management will monitor the effectiveness of our remediation plans and will make changes management determines to be appropriate.
If not remediated, these material weaknesses could result in material misstatements to our annual or interim consolidated financial statements that might not be prevented or detected on a timely basis, or in delayed filing of required periodic reports. If we are unable to assert that our internal control over financial reporting is effective, or when required in the future, if our independent registered public accounting firm is unable to express an unqualified opinion as to the effectiveness of the internal control over financial reporting, investors may lose confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports, the market price of the Common Stock could be adversely affected and we could become subject to litigation or investigations by Nasdaq, the SEC, or other regulatory authorities, which could require additional financial and management resources.
If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, our ability to produce timely and accurate financial statements or comply with applicable regulations could be adversely affected.
We are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the rules and regulations of Nasdaq. We expect that the requirements of these rules and regulations will continue to increase our legal, accounting and financial compliance costs, make some activities more difficult, time-consuming and costly, and place significant strain on our personnel, systems and resources.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting. We are continuing to develop and refine our disclosure controls, internal control over financial reporting and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we will file with the SEC is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and that information required to be disclosed in reports under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our principal executive and financial officers.
Our current controls and any new controls that we develop may be inadequate because of changes in conditions in our business. Further, additional weaknesses in our internal controls may be discovered in the future. Any failure to develop or maintain effective controls, or any difficulties encountered in our implementation or improvement, could adversely affect our operating results or cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations and may result in a restatement of our financial statements for prior periods. Any failure to implement and maintain effective internal controls also could adversely affect the results of periodic management evaluations and annual independent registered public accounting firm attestation reports regarding the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting that we are required to include in our periodic reports we will file with the SEC under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Ineffective disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting could also cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial and other information.
 
23

Table of Contents
In order to maintain and improve the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting, we have expended and anticipate that we will continue to expend significant resources, including accounting-related costs, and provide significant management oversight. Any failure to maintain the adequacy of our internal controls, or consequent inability to produce accurate financial statements on a timely basis, could increase our operating costs and could materially and adversely affect our ability to operate our business. If our internal controls are perceived as inadequate or if we are unable to produce timely or accurate financial statements, investors may lose confidence in our operating results and our stock price could decline.
Our independent registered public accounting firm is not required to formally attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting until after we are no longer an emerging growth company. At such time, our independent registered public accounting firm may issue a report that is adverse in the event it is not satisfied with the level at which our controls are documented, designed or operating. Any failure to maintain effective disclosure controls and internal control over financial reporting could have a material and adverse effect on our business and operating results.
Changes in tax laws or exposure to additional income tax liabilities could affect our future profitability.
Factors that could materially affect our future effective tax rates include but are not limited to:
 
   
changes in tax laws or the regulatory environment;
 
   
changes in accounting and tax standards or practices;
 
   
changes in the composition of operating income by tax jurisdiction; and
 
   
our operating results before taxes.
Because we do not have a long history of operating at our present scale and we have significant expansion plans, our effective tax rate may fluctuate in the future. Future effective tax rates could be affected by operating losses in jurisdictions where no tax benefit can be recorded under GAAP, changes in the composition of earnings in countries with differing tax rates, changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities, or changes in tax laws.
On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Tax Act”) was signed into law making significant changes to the U.S. Tax Code. In particular, sweeping changes were made to the U.S. taxation of foreign operations. Changes include, but are not limited to, a reduction to the corporate income tax rate, limiting interest deductions, adopting elements of a territorial tax system, assessing a repatriation tax or “toll-charge” on undistributed earnings and profits of U.S.-owned foreign corporations, and introducing certain anti-base erosion provisions, including a new minimum tax on global intangible
low-taxed
income (“GILTI”) and base erosion and anti-abuse tax (“BEAT”). The new legislation had no effect on our provision for income taxes for 2018 and 2019 and the nine months ended September 30, 2020, because we generated net tax losses and offset our deferred tax assets on the balance sheet with a full valuation allowance due to our current loss position and forecasted losses for the near future. The overall impact of this tax reform is uncertain, and our business and financial condition, including with respect to our
non-U.S.
operations, could be adversely affected.
In addition to the impact of the Tax Act on our federal taxes, the Tax Act may impact our taxation in other jurisdictions, including with respect to state income taxes. State legislatures have not had sufficient time to respond to the Tax Act. Accordingly, there is uncertainty as to how the laws will apply in the various state jurisdictions. Additionally, other foreign governing bodies may enact changes to their tax laws in reaction to the Tax Act that could result in changes to our global tax position and materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. Additionally, the Internal Revenue Service, (the “IRS”) and several foreign tax authorities have increasingly focused attention on intercompany transfer pricing with respect to sales of products and services and the use of intangibles. Tax authorities could disagree with our future intercompany charges, cross-jurisdictional transfer pricing or other matters and assess additional taxes. If we do not prevail in any such disagreements, our profitability may be affected.
 
24

Table of Contents
Our ability to use our net operating loss carryforwards and certain other tax attributes may be limited.
As of December 31, 2019, we had $164.8 million of U.S. federal and $177.9 million of state net operating loss carryforwards available to reduce future taxable income. Of the $164.8 million in U.S. federal operating loss carryforwards, $122.3 million will be carried forward indefinitely for U.S. federal tax purposes and $42.5 million will expire between 2035 and 2036. $177.9 million of our U.S. state net operating loss carryforwards will expire between 2035 and 2036. It is possible that we will not generate taxable income in time to use these net operating loss carryforwards before their expiration or at all. Under legislative changes made in December 2017, U.S. federal net operating losses incurred in 2018 and in future years may be carried forward indefinitely, but the deductibility of such net operating losses is limited. It is uncertain if and to what extent various states will conform to the newly enacted federal tax law. In addition, the federal and state net operating loss carryforwards and certain tax credits may be subject to significant limitations under Section 382 and Section 383 of the U.S. Tax Code, respectively, and similar provisions of state law. Under those sections of the U.S. Tax Code, if a corporation undergoes an “ownership change,” the corporation’s ability to use its
pre-change
net operating loss carryforwards and other
pre-change
attributes, such as research tax credits, to offset its post-change income or tax may be limited. In general, an “ownership change” will occur if there is a cumulative change in our ownership by
“5-percent
shareholders” that exceeds 50 percentage points over a rolling three-year period. Similar rules may apply under state tax laws. We have not yet undertaken an analysis of whether the Business Combination constitutes an “ownership change” for purposes of Section 382 and Section 383 of the U.S. Tax Code.
We are highly dependent on the services of Austin Russell, our Founder, President and Chief Executive Officer.
We are highly dependent on Austin Russell, our Founder, President and Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Russell created our first lidar product and he remains deeply involved in all aspects of our business, including product development. The loss of Mr. Russell would adversely affect our business because his loss could make it more difficult to, among other things, compete with other market participants, manage our R&D activities and retain existing customers or cultivate new ones. Negative public perception of, or negative news related to, Mr. Russell may adversely affect our brand, relationship with customers or standing in the industry.
Our business depends substantially on the efforts of our executive officers and highly skilled personnel, and our operations may be severely disrupted if we lost their services.
Competition for highly-skilled personnel is often intense, especially in Orlando, Florida and the San Francisco Bay Area, where two of our offices are located, and we may incur significant costs to attract highly-skilled personnel. We may not be successful in attracting, integrating, or retaining qualified personnel to fulfill our current or future needs. We have, from time to time, experienced, and we expect to continue to experience, difficulty in hiring and retaining highly skilled employees with appropriate qualifications. In addition, job candidates and existing employees often consider the value of the equity awards they receive in connection with their employment. If the perceived value of our equity or equity awards declines, it may adversely affect our ability to retain highly skilled employees. If we fail to attract new personnel or fail to retain and motivate our current personnel, our business and future growth prospects could be adversely affected.
Our business could be materially and adversely affected by the current global
COVID-19
pandemic or other health epidemics and outbreaks.
The ongoing
COVID-19
pandemic as well as other possible health epidemics and outbreaks could result in a material adverse impact on our or our customers’ business operations including reduction or suspension of operations in the U.S. or certain parts of the world. Our engineering and manufacturing operations, among others, cannot all be conducted in a remote working structure and often require
on-site
access to materials and equipment. We have customers with international operations in varying industries. We also depend on suppliers and manufacturers worldwide. Depending upon the duration of the ongoing
COVID-19
pandemic and the
 
25

Table of Contents
associated business interruptions, our customers, suppliers, manufacturers and partners may suspend or delay their engagement with us, which could result in a material adverse effect on our financial condition. Our response to the ongoing
COVID-19
pandemic may prove to be inadequate and we may be unable to continue our operations in the manner we had prior to the outbreak, and may endure interruptions, reputational harm, delays in our product development and shipments, all of which could have an adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition. In addition, when the pandemic subsides, we cannot assure you as to the timing of any economic recovery, which could continue to have a material adverse effect on our target markets and our business.
Our business is subject to the risks of earthquakes, fire, floods and other natural catastrophic events, global pandemics, and interruptions by
man-made
problems, such as terrorism. Material disruptions of our business or information systems resulting from these events could adversely affect our operating results.
A significant natural disaster, such as an earthquake, fire, flood, hurricane or significant power outage or other similar events, such as infectious disease outbreaks or pandemic events, including the ongoing
COVID-19
pandemic, could have an adverse effect on our business and operating results. The ongoing
COVID-19
pandemic may have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in this “
Risk Factors
” section, such as the demand for our products, our ability to achieve or maintain profitability and our ability to raise additional capital in the future. Our corporate headquarters and R&D and manufacturing base are located in Florida, which currently has a high number of
COVID-19
pandemic cases. One of our offices is located in the San Francisco Bay Area, a region known for seismic activity. In addition, natural disasters, acts of terrorism or war could cause disruptions in our remaining manufacturing operations, our or our customers’ or channel partners’ businesses, our suppliers’ or the economy as a whole. We also rely on information technology systems to communicate among our workforce and with third parties. Any disruption to our communications, whether caused by a natural disaster or by manmade problems, such as power disruptions, could adversely affect our business. We do not have a formal disaster recovery plan or policy in place and do not currently require that our suppliers’ partners have such plans or policies in place. To the extent that any such disruptions result in delays or cancellations of orders or impede our suppliers’ ability to timely deliver product components, or the deployment of our products, our business, operating results and financial condition would be adversely affected.
Interruption or failure of our information technology and communications systems could impact our ability to effectively provide our services.
We plan to include
in-vehicle
services and functionality that utilize data connectivity to monitor performance and timely capture opportunities to enhance performance and functionality. The availability and effectiveness of our services depend on the continued operation of information technology and communications systems. Our systems will be vulnerable to damage or interruption from, among others, physical theft, fire, terrorist attacks, natural disasters, power loss, war, telecommunications failures, viruses, denial or degradation of service attacks, ransomware, social engineering schemes, insider theft or misuse or other attempts to harm our systems. We utilize reputable third-party service providers or vendors for all of our data other than our source code, and these providers could also be vulnerable to harms similar to those that could damage our systems, including sabotage and intentional acts of vandalism causing potential disruptions. Some of our systems will not be fully redundant, and our disaster recovery planning cannot account for all eventualities. Any problems with our third-party cloud hosting providers could result in lengthy interruptions in our business. In addition, our
in-vehicle
services and functionality are highly technical and complex technology which may contain errors or vulnerabilities that could result in interruptions in our business or the failure of our systems.
 
26

Table of Contents
We are subject to cybersecurity risks to operational systems, security systems, infrastructure, integrated software in our lidar solutions and customer data processed by us or third-party vendors or suppliers and any material failure, weakness, interruption, cyber event, incident or breach of security could prevent us from effectively operating our business.
We are at risk for interruptions, outages and breaches of: operational systems, including business, financial, accounting, product development, data processing or production processes, owned by us or our third-party vendors or suppliers; facility security systems, owned by us or our third-party vendors or suppliers;
in-product
technology owned by us or our third-party vendors or suppliers; the integrated software in our lidar solutions; or customer or driver data that we process or our third-party vendors or suppliers process on our behalf. Such cyber incidents could materially disrupt operational systems; result in loss of intellectual property, trade secrets or other proprietary or competitively sensitive information; compromise certain information of customers, employees, suppliers, drivers or others; jeopardize the security of our facilities; or affect the performance of
in-product
technology and the integrated software in our lidar solutions. A cyber incident could be caused by disasters, insiders (through inadvertence or with malicious intent) or malicious third parties (including nation-states or nation-state supported actors) using sophisticated, targeted methods to circumvent firewalls, encryption and other security defenses, including hacking, fraud, trickery or other forms of deception. The techniques used by cyber attackers change frequently and may be difficult to detect for long periods of time. Although we maintain information technology measures designed to protect us against intellectual property theft, data breaches and other cyber incidents, such measures will require updates and improvements, and we cannot guarantee that such measures will be adequate to detect, prevent or mitigate cyber incidents. The implementation, maintenance, segregation and improvement of these systems requires significant management time, support and cost. Moreover, there are inherent risks associated with developing, improving, expanding and updating current systems, including the disruption of our data management, procurement, production execution, finance, supply chain and sales and service processes. These risks may affect our ability to manage our data and inventory, procure parts or supplies or produce, sell, deliver and service our solutions, adequately protect our intellectual property or achieve and maintain compliance with, or realize available benefits under, applicable laws, regulations and contracts. We cannot be sure that the systems upon which we rely, including those of our third-party vendors or suppliers, will be effectively implemented, maintained or expanded as planned. If we do not successfully implement, maintain or expand these systems as planned, our operations may be disrupted, our ability to accurately and timely report our financial results could be impaired, and deficiencies may arise in our internal control over financial reporting, which may impact our ability to certify our financial results. Moreover, our proprietary information or intellectual property could be compromised or misappropriated and our reputation may be adversely affected. If these systems do not operate as we expect them to, we may be required to expend significant resources to make corrections or find alternative sources for performing these functions.
A significant cyber incident could impact production capability, harm our reputation, cause us to breach our contracts with other parties or subject us to regulatory actions or litigation, any of which could materially affect our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results. In addition, our insurance coverage for cyber-attacks may not be sufficient to cover all the losses we may experience as a result of a cyber incident.
Legal and Regulatory Risks Related to Our Business
We are subject to governmental export and import control laws and regulations. Our failure to comply with these laws and regulations could have an adverse effect on our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations.
Our products and solutions are subject to export control and import laws and regulations, including the U.S. Export Administration Regulations, U.S. Customs regulations and various economic and trade sanctions regulations administered by the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Controls. U.S. export control laws and regulations and economic sanctions prohibit the shipment of certain products and services to U.S. embargoed or sanctioned countries, governments and persons. In addition, complying with export control and sanctions regulations for a particular sale may be time-consuming and result in the delay or loss of sales
 
27

Table of Contents
opportunities. Exports of our products and technology must be made in compliance with these laws and regulations. If we fail to comply with these laws and regulations, we and certain of our employees could be subject to substantial civil or criminal penalties, including the possible loss of export or import privileges, fines, which may be imposed on us and responsible employees or managers and, in extreme cases, the incarceration of responsible employees or managers.
Changes to trade policy, tariffs and import/export regulations may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Changes in global political, regulatory and economic conditions or in laws and policies governing foreign trade, manufacturing, development and investment in the territories or countries where we currently purchase our components, sell our products or conduct our business could adversely affect our business. The U.S. has recently instituted or proposed changes in trade policies that include the negotiation or termination of trade agreements, the imposition of higher tariffs on imports into the U.S., economic sanctions on individuals, corporations or countries, and other government regulations affecting trade between the U.S. and other countries where we conduct our business. A number of other nations have proposed or instituted similar measures directed at trade with the United States in response. As a result of these developments, there may be greater restrictions and economic disincentives on international trade that could adversely affect our business. For example, such changes could adversely affect the automotive market, our ability to access key components or raw materials needed to manufacture our products (including, but not limited to, rare-earth metals), our ability to sell our products to customers outside of the U.S. and the demand for our products. It may be time-consuming and expensive for us to alter our business operations to adapt to or comply with any such changes, and any failure to do so could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We have in the past and may become involved in legal and regulatory proceedings and commercial or contractual disputes, which could have an adverse effect on our profitability and consolidated financial position.
We may be, from time to time, involved in litigation, regulatory proceedings and commercial or contractual disputes that may be significant. These matters may include, without limitation, disputes with our suppliers and customers, intellectual property claims, stockholder litigation, government investigations, class action lawsuits, personal injury claims, environmental issues, customs and value-added tax disputes and employment and tax issues. In addition, we have in the past and could face in the future a variety of labor and employment claims against us, which could include but is not limited to general discrimination, wage and hour, privacy, ERISA or disability claims. In such matters, government agencies or private parties may seek to recover from us very large, indeterminate amounts in penalties or monetary damages (including, in some cases, treble or punitive damages) or seek to limit our operations in some way. These types of lawsuits could require significant management time and attention or could involve substantial legal liability, adverse regulatory outcomes, and/or substantial expenses to defend. Often these cases raise complex factual and legal issues and create risks and uncertainties. No assurances can be given that any proceedings and claims will not have a material adverse impact on our operating results and consolidated financial position or that our established reserves or our available insurance will mitigate this impact.
We are subject to, and must remain in compliance with, numerous laws and governmental regulations concerning the manufacturing, use, distribution and sale of our products. Some of our customers also require that we comply with their own unique requirements relating to these matters.
We manufacture and sell products that contain electronic components, and such components may contain materials that are subject to government regulation in both the locations where we manufacture and assembles our products, as well as the locations where we sell our products. For example, certain regulations limit the use of lead in electronic components. Since we operate on a global basis, this is a complex process which requires continual monitoring of regulations and an ongoing compliance process to ensure that we and our suppliers are in
 
28

Table of Contents
compliance with existing regulations in each market where we operate. If there is an unanticipated new regulation that significantly impacts our use and sourcing of various components or requires more expensive components, that regulation could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Our products are used for autonomous driving and ADAS applications, which are subject to complicated regulatory schemes that vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. These are rapidly evolving areas where new regulations could impose limitations on the use of lidar generally or our products specifically. If we fail to adhere to these new regulations or fail to continually monitor the updates, we may be subject to litigation, loss of customers or negative publicity and our business, results of operations and financial condition will be adversely affected.
We are subject to various environmental laws and regulations that could impose substantial costs upon us and cause delays in building our production facilities.
Concerns over environmental pollution and climate change have produced significant legislative and regulatory efforts on a global basis, and we believe this will continue both in scope and in the number of countries participating. In addition, as climate change issues become more prevalent, foreign, federal, state and local governments and our customers have been responding to these issues. The increased focus on environmental sustainability may result in new regulations and customer requirements, or changes in current regulations and customer requirements, which could materially adversely impact our business, results of operations and financial condition. If we are unable to effectively manage real or perceived issues, including concerns about environmental impacts or similar matters, sentiments toward us or our products could be negatively impacted, and our business, results of operations or financial condition could suffer.
Our operations are and will be subject to international, federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations, and such laws and regulations could directly increase the cost of energy, which may have an effect on the way we manufacture products or utilize energy to produce our products. In addition, any new regulations or laws in the environmental area might increase the cost of raw materials or key components we use in our products. Environmental regulations require us to reduce product energy usage, monitor and exclude an expanding list of restricted substances and to participate in required recovery and recycling of our products. Environmental and health and safety laws and regulations can be complex, and we have limited experience complying with them. Capital and operating expenses needed to comply with environmental laws and regulations can be significant, and violations may result in substantial fines and penalties, third-party damages, suspension of production or a cessation of our operations. Contamination at properties we operate, we formerly operated or to which hazardous substances were sent by us, may result in liability for us under environmental laws and regulations, including, but not limited to, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, which can impose liability for the full amount of remediation-related costs without regard to fault, for the investigation and cleanup of contaminated soil and ground water, for building contamination and impacts to human health and for damages to natural resources. The costs of complying with environmental laws and regulations and any claims concerning noncompliance, or liability with respect to contamination in the future, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or operating results. We may face unexpected delays in obtaining the required permits and approvals in connection with our planned production facilities that could require significant time and financial resources and delay our ability to operate these facilities, which would adversely impact our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results.
We are subject to U.S. and foreign anti-corruption and anti-money laundering laws and regulations. We can face criminal liability and other serious consequences for violations, which can harm our business.
We are subject to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, the U.S. domestic bribery statute contained in 18 U.S.C. § 201, the U.S. Travel Act, the USA PATRIOT Act and possibly other anti-bribery and anti-money laundering laws in countries in which we conduct activities. Anti-corruption laws are interpreted
 
29

Table of Contents
broadly and prohibit companies and their employees, agents, contractors and other collaborators from authorizing, promising, offering or providing, directly or indirectly, improper payments or anything else of value to recipients in the public or private sector. We can be held liable for the corrupt or other illegal activities of our employees, agents, contractors and other collaborators, even if we do not explicitly authorize or have actual knowledge of such activities. Any violations of the laws and regulations described above may result in substantial civil and criminal fines and penalties, imprisonment, the loss of export or import privileges, debarment, tax reassessments, breach of contract and fraud litigation, reputational harm and other consequences.
Our business may be adversely affected by changes in automotive and laser regulations or concerns that drive further regulation of the automobile and laser market.
Government product safety regulations are an important factor for our business. Historically, these regulations have imposed ever-more stringent safety regulations for vehicles and laser products. These safety regulations often require, or customers demand that, vehicles have more safety features per vehicle and more advanced safety products.
While we believes increasing automotive and laser safety standards will present a market opportunity for our products, government safety regulations are subject to change based on a number of factors that are not within our control, including new scientific or technological data, adverse publicity regarding the industry recalls and safety risks of autonomous driving and ADAS, accidents involving our products, domestic and foreign political developments or considerations, and litigation relating to our products and our competitors’ products. Changes in government regulations, especially in the autonomous driving and ADAS industries, could adversely affect our business. If government priorities shift and we are unable to adapt to changing regulations, our business may be materially and adversely affected.
Federal and local regulators impose more stringent compliance and reporting requirements in response to product recalls and safety issues in the automotive and laser industry. As cars that carry our sensors go into production, the obligations of complying with safety regulations and reporting requirements could increase and it could require increased resources and adversely affect our business.
Autonomous and ADAS features may be delayed in adoption by OEMs, and our business impacted, as additional emissions and safety requirements are imposed on vehicle manufacturers.
Vehicle regulators globally continue to consider new and enhanced emissions requirements, including electrification, to meet environmental and economic needs as well as pursue new safety standards to address emerging traffic risks. To control new vehicle prices, among other concerns, OEMs may need to dedicate technology and cost additions to new vehicle designs to meet these emissions and safety requirements and postpone the consumer cost pressures of new autonomous and ADAS features.
Our business may be adversely affected if we fail to comply with the regulatory requirements under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic or the Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”).
As a lidar technology company, we are subject to the Electronic Product Radiation Control Provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. These requirements are enforced by the FDA. Electronic product radiation includes laser technology. Regulations governing these products are intended to protect the public from hazardous or unnecessary exposure. Manufacturers are required to certify in product labeling and reports to the FDA that their products comply with applicable performance standards as well as maintain manufacturing, testing, and distribution records for their products. Failure to comply with these requirements could result in enforcement action by the FDA, which could require us to cease distribution of our products, recall or remediate products already distributed to customers, or subject us to FDA enforcement.
 
30

Table of Contents
Failures, or perceived failures, to comply with privacy, data protection, and information security requirements in the variety of jurisdictions in which we operate may adversely impact our business, and such legal requirements are evolving, uncertain and may require improvements in, or changes to, our policies and operations.
Our current and potential future operations and sales subject us to laws and regulations addressing privacy and the collection, use, storage, disclosure, transfer and protection of a variety of types of data. For example, the European Commission has adopted the General Data Protection Regulation and California recently enacted the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018, both of which provide for potentially material penalties for
non-compliance.
These regimes may, among other things, impose data security requirements, disclosure requirements, and restrictions on data collection, uses, and sharing that may impact our operations and the development of our business. While, generally, we do not have access to, collect, store, process, or share information collected by our solutions unless our customers choose to proactively provide such information to us, our products may evolve both to address potential customer requirements or to add new features and functionality. Therefore, the full impact of these privacy regimes on our business is rapidly evolving across jurisdictions and remains uncertain at this time.
We may also be affected by cyber-attacks and other means of gaining unauthorized access to our products, systems, and data. For instance, cyber criminals or insiders may target us or third parties with which we have business relationships to obtain data, or in a manner that disrupts our operations or compromises our products or the systems into which our products are integrated.
We are assessing the continually evolving privacy and data security regimes and measures we believe are appropriate in response. Since these data security regimes are evolving, uncertain and complex, especially for a global business like ours, we may need to update or enhance our compliance measures as our products, markets and customer demands further develop, and these updates or enhancements may require implementation costs. In addition, we may not be able to monitor and react to all developments in a timely manner. The compliance measures we do adopt may prove ineffective. Any failure, or perceived failure, by us to comply with current and future regulatory or customer-driven privacy, data protection, and information security requirements, or to prevent or mitigate security breaches, cyber-attacks, or improper access to, use of, or disclosure of data, or any security issues or cyber-attacks affecting us, could result in significant liability, costs (including the costs of mitigation and recovery), and a material loss of revenue resulting from the adverse impact on our reputation and brand, loss of proprietary information and data, disruption to our business and relationships, and diminished ability to retain or attract customers and business partners. Such events may result in governmental enforcement actions and prosecutions, private litigation, fines and penalties or adverse publicity, and could cause customers and business partners to lose trust in us, which could have an adverse effect on our reputation and business.
Regulations related to conflict minerals may cause us to incur additional expenses and could limit the supply and increase the costs of certain metals used in the manufacturing of our products.
We are subject to the requirements under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, or the Dodd-Frank Act, that will require us to determine, disclose and report whether our products contain conflict minerals. The implementation of these requirements could adversely affect the sourcing, availability and pricing of the materials used in the manufacture of components used in our products. In addition, we will incur additional costs to comply with the disclosure requirements, including costs related to conducting diligence procedures to determine the sources of conflict minerals that may be used in or necessary to the production of our products and, if applicable, potential changes to products, processes or sources of supply as a consequence of such verification activities. It is also possible that our reputation may be adversely affected if we determine that certain of our products contain minerals not determined to be conflict-free or if we are unable to alter our products, processes or sources of supply to avoid use of such materials.
 
31

Table of Contents
Risks Related to Our Intellectual Property
Despite the actions we are taking to defend and protect our intellectual property, we may not be able to adequately protect or enforce our intellectual property rights or prevent unauthorized parties from copying or reverse engineering our solutions. Our efforts to protect and enforce our intellectual property rights and prevent third parties from violating our rights may be costly.
The success of our products and our business depends in part on our ability to obtain patents and other intellectual property rights and maintain adequate legal protection for our products in the United States and other international jurisdictions. We rely on a combination of patent, service mark, trademark and trade secret laws, as well as confidentiality procedures and contractual restrictions, to establish and protect our proprietary rights, all of which provide only limited protection.
We cannot assure you that any patents will be issued with respect to our currently pending patent applications or that any trademarks will be registered with respect to our currently pending applications in a manner that gives us adequate defensive protection or competitive advantages, if at all, or that any patents issued to us or any trademarks registered by us will not be challenged, invalidated or circumvented. We have filed for patents and trademarks in the United States and in certain international jurisdictions, but such protections may not be available in all countries in which we operate or in which we seek to enforce our intellectual property rights, or may be difficult to enforce in practice. Our currently-issued patents and trademarks and any patents and trademarks that may be issued or registered, as applicable, in the future with respect to pending or future applications may not provide sufficiently broad protection or may not prove to be enforceable in actions against alleged infringers. We cannot be certain that the steps we have taken will prevent unauthorized use of our technology or the reverse engineering of our technology. Moreover, others may independently develop technologies that are competitive to us or infringe our intellectual property.
Protecting against the unauthorized use of our intellectual property, products and other proprietary rights is expensive and difficult, particularly internationally. We believe that our patents are foundational in the area of lidar products and intends to enforce the intellectual property portfolio we have built over the years. Unauthorized parties may attempt to copy or reverse engineer our lidar technology or certain aspects of our solutions that we consider proprietary. Litigation may be necessary in the future to enforce or defend our intellectual property rights, to prevent unauthorized parties from copying or reverse engineering our solutions, to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others or to block the importation of infringing products into the United States.
Any such litigation, whether initiated by us or a third party, could result in substantial costs and diversion of management resources, either of which could adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition. Even if we obtain favorable outcomes in litigation, we may not be able to obtain adequate remedies, especially in the context of unauthorized parties copying or reverse engineering our solutions.
Further, many of our current and potential competitors have the ability to dedicate substantially greater resources to defending intellectual property infringement claims and to enforcing their intellectual property rights than we have. Attempts to enforce our rights against third parties could also provoke these third parties to assert their own intellectual property or other rights against us or result in a holding that invalidates or narrows the scope of our rights, in whole or in part. Effective patent, trademark, service mark, copyright and trade secret protection may not be available in every country in which our products are available and competitors based in other countries may sell infringing products in one or more markets. Failure to adequately protect our intellectual property rights could result in our competitors offering similar products, potentially resulting in the loss of some of our competitive advantage and a decrease in our revenue, which would adversely affect our business, operating results, financial condition and prospects.
 
32

Table of Contents
Third-party claims that we are infringing intellectual property, whether successful or not, could subject us to costly and time-consuming litigation or expensive licenses, and our business could be adversely affected.
Although we hold key patents related to our products, a number of companies, both within and outside of the lidar industry, hold other patents covering aspects of lidar products. In addition to these patents, participants in this industry typically also protect their technology, especially embedded software, through copyrights and trade secrets. As a result, there is frequent litigation based on allegations of infringement, misappropriation or other violations of intellectual property rights. We have received, and in the future may receive, inquiries from other intellectual property holders and may become subject to claims that we infringe their intellectual property rights, particularly as we expands our presence in the market, expand to new use cases and face increasing competition. In addition, parties may claim that the names and branding of our products infringe their trademark rights in certain countries or territories. If such a claim were to prevail, we may have to change the names and branding of our products in the affected territories and we could incur other costs.
We currently have a number of agreements in effect pursuant to which we have agreed to defend, indemnify and hold harmless our customers, suppliers, and channel partners and other partners from damages and costs which may arise from the infringement by our products of third-party patents or other intellectual property rights. The scope of these indemnity obligations varies, but may, in some instances, include indemnification for damages and expenses, including attorneys’ fees. Our insurance may not cover all intellectual property infringement claims. A claim that our products infringe a third party’s intellectual property rights, even if untrue, could adversely affect our relationships with our customers, may deter future customers from purchasing our products and could expose us to costly litigation and settlement expenses. Even if we are not a party to any litigation between a customer and a third party relating to infringement by our products, an adverse outcome in any such litigation could make it more difficult for us to defend our products against intellectual property infringement claims in any subsequent litigation in which we are a named party. Any of these results could adversely affect our brand and operating results.
Our defense of intellectual property rights claims brought against us or our customers, suppliers and channel partners, with or without merit, could be time-consuming, expensive to litigate or settle, divert management resources and attention and force us to acquire intellectual property rights and licenses, which may involve substantial royalty or other payments and may not be available on acceptable terms or at all. Further, a party making such a claim, if successful, could secure a judgment that requires us to pay substantial damages or obtain an injunction. An adverse determination also could invalidate our intellectual property rights and adversely affect our ability to offer our products to our customers and may require that we procure or develop substitute products that do not infringe, which could require significant effort and expense. Any of these events could adversely affect our business, operating results, financial condition and prospects.
Our intellectual property applications for registration may not issue or be registered, which may have a material adverse effect on our ability to prevent others from commercially exploiting products similar to ours.
We cannot be certain that we are the first inventor of the subject matter to which we have filed a particular patent application, or if we are the first party to file such a patent application. If another party has filed a patent application to the same subject matter as we have, we may not be entitled to the protection sought by the patent application. We also cannot be certain whether the claims included in a patent application will ultimately be allowed in the applicable issued patent. Further, the scope of protection of issued patent claims is often difficult to determine. As a result, we cannot be certain that the patent applications that we file will issue, or that our issued patents will afford protection against competitors with similar technology. In addition, our competitors may design around our issued patents, which may adversely affect our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results.
 
33

Table of Contents
In addition to patented technology, we rely on our unpatented proprietary technology, trade secrets, processes and
know-how.
We rely on proprietary information (such as trade secrets,
know-how
and confidential information) to protect intellectual property that may not be patentable or subject to copyright, trademark, trade dress or service mark protection, or that we believe is best protected by means that do not require public disclosure. We generally seek to protect this proprietary information by entering into confidentiality agreements, or consulting services or employment agreements that contain
non-disclosure
and
non-use
provisions with our employees, consultants, contractors and third parties. However, we may fail to enter into the necessary agreements, and even if entered into, these agreements may be breached or may otherwise fail to prevent disclosure, third-party infringement or misappropriation of our proprietary information, may be limited as to their term and may not provide an adequate remedy in the event of unauthorized disclosure or use of proprietary information. We have limited control over the protection of trade secrets used by our current or future manufacturing partners and suppliers and could lose future trade secret protection if any unauthorized disclosure of such information occurs. In addition, our proprietary information may otherwise become known or be independently developed by our competitors or other third parties. To the extent that our employees, consultants, contractors, advisors and other third parties use intellectual property owned by others in their work for us, disputes may arise as to the rights in related or resulting
know-how
and inventions. Costly and time-consuming litigation could be necessary to enforce and determine the scope of our proprietary rights, and failure to obtain or maintain protection for our proprietary information could adversely affect our competitive business position. Furthermore, laws regarding trade secret rights in certain markets where we operate may afford little or no protection to our trade secrets.
We also rely on physical and electronic security measures to protect our proprietary information, but we cannot provide assurance that these security measures will not be breached or provide adequate protection for our property. There is a risk that third parties may obtain and improperly utilize our proprietary information to our competitive disadvantage. We may not be able to detect or prevent the unauthorized use of such information or take appropriate and timely steps to enforce our intellectual property rights.
We may be subject to damages resulting from claims that we or our employees have wrongfully used or disclosed alleged trade secrets of our employees’ former employers.
We may be subject to claims that we or our employees have inadvertently or otherwise used or disclosed trade secrets or other proprietary information of an employee’s former employers. Litigation may be necessary to defend against these claims. If we fail in defending such claims, in addition to paying monetary damages, we may lose valuable intellectual property rights or personnel. A loss of key personnel or their work product could hamper or prevent our ability to commercialize our products, which could severely harm our business. Even if we are successful in defending against these claims, litigation could result in substantial costs and demand on management resources.
Risks Related to Being a Public Company
We will incur increased costs as a result of operating as a public company, and our management will devote substantial time to new compliance initiatives.
As a public company, we will incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses that we did not incur as a private company, and these expenses may increase even more after we are no longer an emerging growth company, as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act. As a public company, we are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the Dodd-Frank Act, as well as rules adopted, and to be adopted, by the SEC and Nasdaq. Our management and other personnel will need to devote a substantial amount of time to these compliance initiatives. Moreover, we expect these rules and regulations to substantially increase our legal and financial compliance costs and to make some activities more time-consuming and costly. The increased costs will increase our net loss. For example, we expect these rules and regulations to make it more difficult and more expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance and we may be
 
34

Table of Contents
forced to accept reduced policy limits or incur substantially higher costs to maintain the same or similar coverage. We cannot predict or estimate the amount or timing of additional costs we may incur to respond to these requirements. The impact of these requirements could also make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our Board, our Board committees or as executive officers.
Our management team has limited experience managing a public company.
Most of the members of our management team have limited experience managing a publicly traded company, interacting with public company investors, and complying with the increasingly complex laws pertaining to public companies. Additionally, many members of our management team were recently hired, including our Chief Financial Officer, Thomas Fennimore, who began serving as Chief Financial Officer in July 2020. Our management team may not successfully or efficiently manage their new roles and responsibilities. Our transition to being a public company subjects us to significant regulatory oversight and reporting obligations under the federal securities laws and the continuous scrutiny of securities analysts and investors. These new obligations and constituents will require significant attention from our senior management and could divert their attention away from the
day-to-day
management of our business, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and operating results.
Unanticipated changes in effective tax rates or adverse outcomes resulting from examination of our income or other tax returns could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
We will be subject to income taxes in the United States and other jurisdictions, and our tax liabilities will be subject to the allocation of expenses in differing jurisdictions. Our future effective tax rates could be subject to volatility or adversely affected by a number of factors, including:
 
   
changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities;
 
   
expected timing and amount of the release of any tax valuation allowances;
 
   
tax effects of stock-based compensation;
 
   
costs related to intercompany restructurings;
 
   
changes in tax laws, regulations or interpretations thereof; or
 
   
lower than anticipated future earnings in jurisdictions where we have lower statutory tax rates and higher than anticipated future earnings in jurisdictions where we have higher statutory tax rates.
In addition, we may be subject to audits of our income, sales and other transaction taxes by taxing authorities. Outcomes from these audits could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
Changes in laws, regulations or rules, or a failure to comply with any laws, regulations or rules, may adversely affect our business, investments and results of operations.
We are subject to laws, regulations and rules enacted by national, regional and local governments and Nasdaq. In particular, we are required to comply with certain SEC, Nasdaq and other legal or regulatory requirements. Compliance with, and monitoring of, applicable laws, regulations and rules may be difficult, time consuming and costly. Those laws, regulations or rules and their interpretation and application may also change from time to time and those changes could have a material adverse effect on our business, investments and results of operations. In addition, a failure to comply with applicable laws, regulations or rules, as interpreted and applied, could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.
 
35

Table of Contents
Risks Related to Ownership of Our Shares
Our Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation provides, subject to limited exceptions, that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware (the “Chancery Court”) will be the sole and exclusive forum for certain stockholder litigation matters, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a chosen judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers, employees or stockholders.
Our Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation requires, to the fullest extent permitted by law, that derivative actions brought in our name, actions against directors, officers and employees for breach of fiduciary duty and other similar actions may be brought in the Chancery Court or, if that court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, another federal or state court situated in the State of Delaware. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of our capital stock shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the forum provisions in our Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation. In addition, our Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Amended and Restated Bylaws provide that the federal district courts of the United States shall be the exclusive forum for the resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action under the Securities Act and the Exchange Act.
In March 2020, the Delaware Supreme Court issued a decision in
Salzburg et al. v. Sciabacucchi
, which found that an exclusive forum provision providing for claims under the Securities Act to be brought in federal court is facially valid under Delaware law. It is unclear whether this decision will be appealed, or what the final outcome of this case will be. We intend to enforce this provision, but we do not know whether courts in other jurisdictions will agree with this decision or enforce it.
This choice of forum provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum of its choosing for disputes with us or any of our directors, officers, other employees or stockholders, which may discourage lawsuits with respect to such claims. Alternatively, if a court were to find the choice of forum provision contained in our Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.
Our charter documents and Delaware law could prevent a takeover that stockholders consider favorable and could also reduce the market price of our stock.
Our Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Amended and Restated Bylaws contain provisions that could delay or prevent a change in control. These provisions could also make it more difficult for stockholders to elect directors and take other corporate actions. These provisions include:
 
   
providing for a classified board of directors with staggered, three-year terms;
 
   
authorizing our Board to issue Preferred Stock with voting or other rights or preferences that could discourage a takeover attempt or delay changes in control;
 
   
prohibiting cumulative voting in the election of directors;
 
   
providing that vacancies on our Board may be filled only by a majority of directors then in office, even though less than a quorum;
 
   
prohibiting the adoption, amendment or repeal of the Amended and Restated Bylaws or the repeal of the provisions of our Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation regarding the election and removal of directors without the required approval of at least
two-thirds
of the shares entitled to vote at an election of directors;
 
   
prohibiting stockholder action by written consent;
 
   
limiting the persons who may call special meetings of stockholders; and
 
   
requiring advance notification of stockholder nominations and proposals.
 
36

Table of Contents
These provisions may frustrate or prevent any attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management by making it more difficult for stockholders to replace members of our Board, which is responsible for appointing the members of our management. In addition, we are governed by the provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”). These provisions may prohibit large stockholders, in particular those owning 15% or more of our outstanding voting stock, from merging or combining with us for a certain period of time without the consent of our Board.
These and other provisions in our Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and our Amended and Restated Bylaws and under Delaware law could discourage potential takeover attempts, reduce the price investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of Class A Stock and result in the market price of Class A Stock being lower than it would be without these provisions. For more information, see the section of this prospectus captioned “
Description of Securities—Anti-Takeover Provisions
.”
Claims for indemnification by our directors and officers may reduce our available funds to satisfy successful third-party claims against us and may reduce the amount of money available to us.
Our Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Amended and Restated Bylaws provide that we will indemnify our directors and officers, in each case to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law.
In addition, as permitted by Section 145 of the DGCL, the Amended and Restated Bylaws and the indemnification agreements that we have entered into with our directors and officers provide that:
 
   
we will indemnify our directors and officers for serving us in those capacities or for serving other business enterprises at our request, to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law. Delaware law provides that a corporation may indemnify such person if such person acted in good faith and in a manner such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the registrant and, with respect to any criminal proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe such person’s conduct was unlawful;
 
   
we may, in our discretion, indemnify employees and agents in those circumstances where indemnification is permitted by applicable law;
 
   
we will be required to advance expenses, as incurred, to our directors and officers in connection with defending a proceeding, except that such directors or officers shall undertake to repay such advances if we are ultimately determined that such person is not entitled to indemnification;
 
   
we will not be obligated pursuant to our Amended and Restated Bylaws to indemnify a person with respect to proceedings initiated by that person against us or our other indemnitees, except with respect to proceedings authorized by our Board or brought to enforce a right to indemnification;
 
   
the rights conferred in the Amended and Restated Bylaws are not exclusive, and we are authorized to enter into indemnification agreements with our directors, officers, employees and agents and to obtain insurance to indemnify such persons; and
 
   
we may not retroactively amend our Amended and Restated Bylaw provisions to reduce our indemnification obligations to directors, officers, employees and agents.
The dual class structure of our Common Stock has the effect of concentrating voting control with Austin Russell, our Founder, President and Chief Executive Officer. This will limit or preclude your ability to influence corporate matters, including the outcome of important transactions, including a change in control.
Shares of our Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value per share (“Class B Stock”), have 10 votes per share, while shares of Class A Stock have one vote per share. Austin Russell, our Founder, President and Chief Executive Officer, holds all of the issued and outstanding shares of Class B Stock. Accordingly, Mr. Russell holds approximately 83% of the voting power of our outstanding capital stock and is able to control matters submitted to our stockholders for approval, including the election of directors, amendments of our organizational
 
37

Table of Contents
documents and any merger, consolidation, sale of all or substantially all of our assets or other major corporate transactions. Mr. Russell may have interests that differ from yours and may vote in a way with which you disagree and which may be adverse to your interests. This concentrated control may have the effect of delaying, preventing or deterring a change in control of us, could deprive our stockholders of an opportunity to receive a premium for their capital stock as part of a sale of us, and might ultimately affect the market price of shares of Class A Stock. For information about our dual class structure, see the section titled “
Description of Securities
.”
In connection with the execution of the Merger Agreement, Austin Russell entered into a voting agreement, dated as of August 24, 2020, with Gores (the “Voting Agreement”). Under the Voting Agreement, Mr. Russell agreed that, following the consummation of the Business Combination, solely if he is involuntarily terminated from his position as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company and as a result of his conviction of, or pleading guilty or nolo contendere to, a felony that has a material negative impact on the Company, at any meeting of the stockholders of the Company at which directors are to be elected following the consummation of the Business Combination, Mr. Russell, or any of his permitted successors or assigns, will not vote more than 10% of the Class B Stock he or they beneficially own in any director election.
We are a controlled company within the meaning of The Nasdaq Stock Market listing standards, and, as a result, qualify for exemptions from certain corporate governance requirements that provide protection to stockholders of other companies. To the extent we utilize any of these exemptions, you will not have the same protections afforded to stockholders of companies that are subject to such requirements. We do not currently intend to rely on the exemptions afforded to controlled companies at this time.
So long as more than 50% of the voting power for the election of our directors is held by an individual, a group or another company, we will qualify as a “controlled company” under The Nasdaq Stock Market listing requirements. Austin Russell controls a majority of the voting power of our outstanding capital stock. As a result, we are a “controlled company” under the Nasdaq Stock Market rules. As a controlled company, we are exempt from certain Nasdaq corporate governance requirements, including those that would otherwise require our Board to have a majority of independent directors and require that we establish a compensation committee comprised entirely of independent directors, or otherwise ensure that the compensation of our executive officers and nominees for directors are determined or recommended to our Board by the independent members of our Board. While we do not currently intend to rely on any of these exemptions, we will be entitled to do so for as long as we are considered a “controlled company,” and to the extent we rely on one or more of these exemptions, holders of our capital stock will not have the same protections afforded to stockholders of companies that are subject to all of Nasdaq’s corporate governance requirements.
Our dual class structure may depress the trading price of the Class A Stock.
We cannot predict whether our dual class structure will result in a lower or more volatile market price of the Class A Stock or in adverse publicity or other adverse consequences. For example, certain index providers have announced restrictions on including companies with multiple-class share structures in certain of their indexes. S&P Dow Jones and FTSE Russell have announced changes to their eligibility criteria for inclusion of shares of public companies on certain indices, including the S&P 500, pursuant to which companies with multiple classes of shares of common stock are excluded. In addition, several stockholder advisory firms have announced their opposition to the use of multiple class structures. As a result, the dual class structure of our Common Stock may cause stockholder advisory firms to publish negative commentary about our corporate governance practices or otherwise seek to cause us to change our capital structure. Any such exclusion from indices or any actions or publications by stockholder advisory firms critical of our corporate governance practices or capital structure could adversely affect the value and trading market of the Class A Stock.
Sales of shares of Class A Stock in the public market or the perception that these sales or conversions might occur may depress the market price of Class A Stock and could impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities. It is difficult to predict the effect that such sales or conversions may have on the prevailing market price of the Class A Stock.
 
38

Table of Contents
We do not intend to pay dividends for the foreseeable future.
We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our capital stock and do not intend to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. We expect to retain future earnings, if any, to fund the development and growth of our business. Any future determination to pay dividends on our capital stock will be at the discretion of our Board. Accordingly, investors must rely on sales of our Class A Stock after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize any future gains on their investments.
The market price and trading volume of Class A Stock may be volatile and could decline significantly.
The stock markets, including Nasdaq on which we list our shares of Class A Stock, have from time to time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations. Even if an active, liquid and orderly trading market develops and is sustained for the Class A Stock, the market price of Class A Stock may be volatile and could decline significantly. In addition, the trading volume in Class A Stock may fluctuate and cause significant price variations to occur. If the market price of Class A Stock declines significantly, you may be unable to resell your shares at an attractive price (or at all). We cannot assure you that the market price of Class A Stock will not fluctuate widely or decline significantly in the future in response to a number of factors, including, among others, the following:
 
   
the realization of any of the risk factors presented in this prospectus;
<